Survey number:      Owner:      Date of discovery:


1962:  LOCATED NE ¼ sec. 11, T30S. R40E. MDM, Stinger district, 2 miles south of Randsburg. Winnie mine is eastern part of Sophie Moren group of claims; adjoins west boundary of Merced Claim. Total output from mine is several hundred ounces of gold and an undetermined amount of tungsten. Principal mining periods of gold were intermittent intervals of 1899-1909 and in the 1930’s. Developed by shafts from to 250 feet deep and probably a few hundred feet of drifts.  – Troxel & Morton


There Are Two Stories About How The Winnie Got Its Name. One Is That It Was Named By the Discoverer, an English Man, After His Girlfriend in London. The Second is that it Was Named by Ed Hammond After His Girl Friend. The First Story Sounds More Likely. Whichever is True It Was Not an Impressive Mine Site as Depicted in This Drawing From the October 31, 1897 Edition of the Los Angeles Herald.

January 10, 1897: “Another bit of fortune in the Randsburg district came to Charles Koehn. He started the first store there last August with a capital of $400. Among the hundreds of men who rushed to the new diggings in September was a young Englishman who had been a cook In a San Francisco chop house. He spent three weeks in Randsburg, located fourteen mines, and quickly abandoned all but two of them. He had never been in a mining camp before and had not the least idea about pay ore. One fearfully hot and feverish day last September he came in to see Koehn. “I’m dead sick and tired of this chasing for luck in this awful desert region,” said he. “There’s nothing here. It’s all blow and brag; I’ve spent all my earnings, am worn out, and want to get away. What will you give for the pick of my mining prospects “Koehn knew no more about what good prospects were than the Englishman, but he felt sorry for the young fellow, and merely to cheer him up, said he would give him $10. The offer was gladly accepted. The Englishman said he had been told by reliable miner that his “Winnie” mine, named after a sweetheart in London, was the most promising, and the lad advised Koehn to take that. The legal transfer of the claim to the property was made in a halfhearted way, for Koehn believed he was merely doing an act of charity. The next day the Englishman went away on the stage to Mojave, and has never been heard from since. Three weeks past, and when Koehn got an offer of $1,000 down for the claim, he thought it was worth looking after. He hired experienced miners to try the rock, a tunnel was blasted seventy feet into the ledge, and Koehn has taken out over $17,000 worth or ore. He has never had any offers for the property, because It is to undeveloped, but he believes there’s enough ore at $40 a ton to keep a thirty stamp mill running for a few years, and that he has a mine worth fully $300,000.”  – The Sun (New York)

January 20, 1897: “LITTLE BEYOND THE YUCCA TREE is the Winnie owned by Koehn and O’Brien. There is a shaft on this mine seventy feet deep with drifts running both ways.  The ore at the bottom goes $70 per ton while in one place higher up in the shaft four tons of ore were taken out which milled $900.”  – Los Angeles Times

January 24 1897: “A PARTY CONSISTING OF G. W. Chrisman, Leon Cerf, James Daly, and E. E. S. Hall of Ventura, G. L. Chamberlain, Mr. Forbes and the writer (C. J. McDivitt) of Randsburg, started out southwest yesterday to see the mines. The first one visited, was the Mattie, Mr. Wilkinson the owner and three men were at work and had quite a pile of sacks on the dump. Next the BullyBoy was visited, but no one was at work, and no information could be obtained.  Just over the hill the Yucca Tree was passed. Here a great deal of work has been done and much rich ore has been taken out.  It is now owned by Koehn and O’Brien and has a shaft down a hundred feet.  It is not now being worked on account of some legal troubles which are in process of adjustment.

A little beyond is the Winnie Mine, one of the best in the district.  This mine is also owned by Koehn and O’Brien, and here we found Mr. O’Brien superintending operations.  There is a shaft seventy feet deep on this mine and they are now drifting both ways.  The ore at the bottom goes $70 per ton while one place higher up in the shaft four tons of ore were taken out which milled $300.  Mr. O’Brien offered any of the party the privilege of going down into the mine and examining it if they wished. “  Los Angeles Times

February 9, 1897: “THE WINNIE AND YUCCA TREE MINES, out in the Stinger district have been sold.  O. H. Savage of San Jose was the purchaser and the consideration $7500.  Messrs. Kohen and O’Brien were the former owners.  They traded a stock of goods for the Winnie some two months ago.  These are both good mines, considerable work having been done on each, some of the ore running higher than $100 per ton with a general average of $70 for all that has been milled.  A. O. Brown will have charge of the mines and represent the owner in his absence.  Mr. Savage left for San Jose yesterday morning.”  — Los Angeles Daily Times

February 24, 1897: “MR. SAVAGE of San Jose, who bargained for the Winnie and Yucca Tree mines, is now here, and will remain for a week or so until all the arrangements are completed.  He visited the St. Elmo a day or two ago and is loud in his praise of that property, predicting that it will one day be worth millions.”– Los Angeles Daily Times

May 1897 THE CALIFORNIA RAND.  Listed in the Overland as one of the producing mines of the Rand District in March of 1897.  It was discovered April 15 1896.  Shaft was 60 feet deep.  The owners were listed as Bert Prosser, and Ed Hammond, J—Overland Magazine

July 11, 1897:  “ANOTHER MINE in the Stringer district that is turning out some good ore is the Winnie, belonging to Charles Koehn.  He is sinking some trial shafts and will go deeper in the one that makes the best showing.  The mine adjoins the Yucca Tree mine, a little to the south of the line between the St. Elmo group and the Big Rand.  (Yellow Aster).”  – Los Angeles Daily Times

August 30, 1897: “The Winnie mine at Randsburg employs about thirty men and is pushing development as fast as possible. In June the mine shipped over $12,000 of rich ore but the output since then is not l known. No shaft is over 100 feet deep.” – The Herald

October 31, 1897:  “THE WINNIE. This is said to have been named after Mr. Hammond’s (the Randsburg merchant) best girl before he sold it to Chas. A. Koehn, Kane Springs. However, whether true or not, it is a good one. The ledges average eight inches of pay streak, which runs from $78 to $80 per ton. There is a shaft 80 feet in depth, 250 feet of stoping, and about 25 men are employed mining and hauling ore to Kane Springs, two and a half miles to Randsburg, and thence about twenty miles to Mr. Koehn’s mill. Two four horse teams are constantly employed, and occasionally a 12-horse team. Chas. A. Koehn has a young pig at this camp that for learning is par excellence—indeed, it is a “real, smart pig. “It is consequently a pet of Mr. Koehn, for Charlie (as he is familiarly called) has a strong liking for learned men or animals. He charged the writer to mention the pig when at the mine, and the promise is fulfilled. ” – The Herald

November 27, 1898:  “”ARIZONA JIM” Goes to Jail in Default of Bond to Keep the Peace James Bartley, the man whom Mrs. Ferguson grubstaked and who subsequently threatened to kill her because of her refusal to deed a one-third interest in the Winnie mine at Randsburg to him or other-wise satisfy his claim for services rendered, was up again before Justice Young for hearing, it will be recalled that Hartley went to Mrs. Ferguson’s rooms in the Phillips’ House three weeks age when drunk and tried
to break in, after leaving a letter there threatening to kill her that night if satisfaction was not afforded.

Yesterday witnesses testified to the fact that Bartley openly stated his intention in Randsburg, of killing the lady if she did not accede to his demands, and Mrs. Ferguson was again on the stand for the purpose of explaining further about the case. The defendant in his own behalf swore that he never threatened to kill or to injure Mrs. Ferguson, but that be wanted a settlement with her, which was denied. The letter or note, in which specific threats appeared, he said he could not have written, as he could write only his name. Being asked to write his name, he refused on the ground that to write it for the purpose of comparison with the signature on the note would lend to convict him of a crime. Bartley was very bitter on the stand, but said if released he would lose no time in getting out of town; he had been here only three times altogether, and hoped he would never be here again.  Justice Young fixed his bond at (?) as a guarantee that he would keep the peace, in de fault of which he was again lodged in jail.” –The Herald

Winnie Mine as it Appeared In The 1899 Publication "History of Rand Mining District" by Geo. McPherson

March 1899:

“CHAS A. KOEHN. He is at present very extensively interested in mines, some of which are paying well, among them is the Winnie”  — McPherson.

June 6, 1899: “CHARLIE KOEHN brought up a nice little bar of gold weighing 887 dollars Thursday from Barstow, the result of a run of ninety-five tons of the dump of the Winnie mine in the Stringer district.  This is the second run milled at Barstow, from the dump of the Winnie mine, the first of forty-four tons yielded $538 was made a couple of week ago.  The Winnie is a good mine and although never worked systematically, of to a greater depth than 160 feet, something like $45,000 has been taken out.  Koehn estimates that he has at least $10,000 in the dump alone.  He is also working the mine and intends to go down as well as both ways.” –The Daily Californian

November 17, 1900:  “WINNIE – The above mine was located in 1895 by Mr. Ed Hammond, who sold it to its present owner, Charlie Koehn, in 1896.  The property has been worked by leasers principally.  Mr. Koehn having other interests that occupied his time.  There are about a dozen shafts on the property, ranging in depth from 50 to 200 feet.  Nearly all of these were sunk on rich stringers, and upwards of $60,000 taken from them.  The main shaft on the property is down 200 feet, and the intention of the owner is to continue sinking.  He has on the dump at the present time, ready to mill at his mill at Koehn Springs, about 60 tons of very rich ore, some of it running as high as $200.00 to the ton.  The ore taken from this mine has averaged from $60.00 to $100,00 per ton at the mill.  Active work on the property was again begun by Mr. Koehn only two months ago, and all the ore on the dump was taken out by two men in forty days.

All this ore is free milling, and easy to handle.  He has about $10,000 worth of ore in sight in the mine that only requires stoping out.  It is his intention if the mine continues to show up as well in the near future as it does at present, to erect a mill on the property, to handle the ore, instead of hauling it and milling it.  He is taking ore now that runs $200.00 to the ton.  Drifting has been done at the 200-foot level, and 200-feet of drifting was done at the 150-foot level in another one of the shafts.  There has been done, all told, about 2,000 feet of development work.  Leasers on the lower end of the property have taken out $4,000 in the past few months.  This property is situated in the Stringer District.”  — Randsburg Miner

November 22, 1902” “WINNIE—At this mine, in the Stringer District, near Randsburg, recently purchased by Mr. Fudiker of Los Angeles is doing development.”  — The Engineering and Mining Journal

December 8, 1900:  “HUGH McKAY, a miner 60 years of age, who resided out in the Stringer district, Randsburg, fell into a shaft on the Winnie last Saturday and was not discovered until Monday afternoon.  He fell twenty-five feet but was not seriously injured.” –Corona Courier

January 1904: LOCATED in section 11 of T30, R40 near Randsburg.  It had a 70 foot vertical shaft, six incline shafts from 60 to 200 feet deep, 150 feet of open cut, and 500 feet of drifts.  Marion Young of Randsburg was reported to the owner.  – Aubrey

April 25, 1907: “ TOMORROW CHAS.WETHERBEE ships four tons of tungsten ore.  This ore comes from several parties.  Some of it is from the Winnie mine owned by Charlie Koehn and is in a pure state, just as it comes from the mine.  Some of it comes from the Gold Stone mine owned by Wetherbee just west of the Papoose and the balance from Wickard mine.  Some of this ore has been concentrated and is of a high degree of purity.  The shipment goes to Philadelphia and is paid for at the rate of $8.00 per unit F.O. B. Johannesburg.  The Gold Stone mine is showing up in fine shape.  They were down 100 feet and now drifting.”  — Randsburg Miner

June 13, 1907: “MINE SOLD—Charlie Koehn has sold the Winnie mine to Vald Schmidt and J. W. Barter, from Los Angeles.  It is now considered more valuable for tungsten (sic) than gold.  Charlie has taken out $1,350 worth of tungsten in the past two months, and a leaser took out $200 in tow weeks.  The payments are $3,000 in cash and the balance in payments.

Charlie says the sale, although a good one, will not swell his head and he still expects to retain his official position of mayor of Kane Springs, as the new railroad will run through his back yard.” – Randsburg Miner

June 17, 1907: “Winnie mine in the Randsburg district has been sold to Los Angeles men to be worked as a tungsten mine, the value of the tungsten being greater than that of the gold that had been discovered in the ore.” – San Francisco Call

August 8, 1907:  “VAL SCHMIDT and his partner, Mr. Barter, came in a day or two ago from a business trip to Los Angeles.  They are making all arrangements to properly develop the old Winnie mine which they purchased from Charlie Koehn.”  – Randsburg Miner

June 28, 1913: “ILLINGWORTH, BAKER AND JEWETT will have the ore from their lease on the Winnie hauled to the Sunshine mill for treatment in the near future.  They have extracted so far about 12 tons which will average between $60 and $70 a ton.”  – Randsburg Miner

August 9, 1913: “A RECENT MILLING of sixteen tons of scheelite, a tungsten mineral, extracted from the Winnie mine in the Stringer district, averaged 8 ¼ per cent, and ten tons of medium grade has been extracted from this mine since then.  The Winnie is destined to become one of the best tungsten producers of this district.”  — Randsburg Miner

1915:  “WINNIE, consists of 20 acres, in Sec. 11, T. 30 S., R. 40 E., M. D. M., about 3 miles southwest of Johannesburg, in the Stringer district, at an elevation of 4000 feet.  Owner C. A. Koehn, of Randsburg.  A number of small parallel veins in schist.  Worked by means of shafts from 50 to 250 feet deep.  Ore free milling, carrying a small percentage of tungsten.  Horse-whim, shop, and dwelling on claim two men employed.  Two lessees working a portion of the holdings.    Ore shipped to Red Dog custom mill   Small producer.” – G. Chester Brown.

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