Survey number:      Owner:      Date of discovery:


EK-10 CLAIMS MAP Sec. 10, T30S, R40E, RDM

1962: SE1/4 sec. 10, T30S, R40E, MDM, southwest end of Stringer district – 2 1/2 miles south-southwest of Randsburg. Three inclined shafts, one vertical shaft, and approximately 2,000 feet of drifts and crosswords at levels spaced at 50-100 feet intervals.  Maximum depth is 450 feet on approximately 30 degrees incline.  Several stopes were developed. Total output reported to be $500,000. – Troxel & Morton


April 25, 1898:  “Twelve tons of ore from the Merton and Buckboard claims have recently been milled at Cuddyback Lake, the ore running $12 per ton. Although the ore is low grade, the ledge is about seven feet wide and makes up in quantity what let lacks in quality. ” – The Herald

September 02, 1898: “At the Buckboard mine a few days ago a good strike was made and paying ore is being taken out. ” – The Herald

September 9, 1898: “THE MERTON MINE—From Randsburg comes news of a rich strike in the Merton Mine, situated about three miles and a half south of that camp.  The owners of the property have been working on it for some time, but with only indifferent success until the present strike was made.  Reports from Randsburg are that the ledge runs from six to fourteen feet in width, of which, so far as assays show, about three feet will assay as high as $75 per ton in gold.  The remainder is low grade ore, running about $5 to $6 per ton.”—Los Angeles Daily Times

September 18, 1898:  “THE MERTON MINE, lying near the Buckboard owned by the same parties, Messrs. Donovan. Adams and Mattheson, is making a good showing. Six men are at work, and the mine is opened up by a main shaft one hundred feet deep, and drifts at the- 50 and 100-foot levels. A good ore chute has been, encountered in both drifts, a recent milling of the ore going $50 per ton. There are about four feet of $12 rock, and a wide ledge of $6 and $8rock. There are several low-grade propositions, with wide ledges, in the district. — The Herald

September 18, 1898:  “MANY MINERS have found, after sinking a shaft to a depth of a good many feet on what they thought was the ledge that they have been going either over or under a much better body of ore. A case in hand is that of the Buckboard mine. Its owners have been working more or less for about three years, but without very good results. A short time ago they commenced cross-cutting and encountered a good body of ore in both directions. Last week a twenty-five ton run of Buckboard ore at Kane springs cleaned up $52 per ton.”  — The Herald

September 19, 1898: “A GOOD STRIKE has been made in the Merton Mine, near Randsburg, Kern County, where a ledge has been uncovered from six to fourteen feet wide, three feet of which assay a high as $75 per ton in gold. The remainder is low grade, running about $5 per ton.” – The Sun

October 03, 1898:  “The Merton Company, who own the Buckboard and two adjacent claims, are down 180 feet and have a large body of high grade ore at the bottom of the shaft. They are now preparing to drift and will block out a large body of ore. The Merton Company was recently organized in Los Angeles and promises to become a prosperous one.” –The Herald

October 9, 1898:  “THE BUCKBOARD MINE just beyond the Stringer district southwest, is developed into a fine property.  The ledge is very wide, running five or six dollars all through with streaks of rich ore up to $100 per ton.  The shaft is down 125 feet with drifts on both sides.” –San Francisco Call

November 28, 1898: “FIFTEEN TONS OF ORE MILL from the Buckboard mine about four miles southwest of town, at Cuddeback Lake netted $50 per ton.  This is the richest parts of it a ledge twenty-five feet thick, which will mill from five to eight dollars per ton.” –Bakersfield Californian

December 19, 1898:  “THE BUCKBOARD MINE has been taking out ore that netted $30 per ton. Tilts mine has also a ledge twenty- feet wide which mills $S to 88 per ton. There are in the Rand district hundreds of claims having large bodies of low-grade ore running $5 per ton and more, which cannot stand the present cost of working. .”  — The Sun

October 21, 1899: “THE MERTON MINING CO., Donovan, Adams, and Glennie, have been doing a lot of dead work on the Buckboard, but now  they have begun to take out ore again yesterday hoisted out five tons.  This is a fine property with a big ore vein.” –Randsburg Miner

Merton Mining and Milling Stock Certificate - Rand Desert Museum Collection

1900: “THE MERTON MINING AND MILLING COMPANY was incorporated June 5 of this yearwith a capital stock of $250,000.

The property consists of the group known as the Merton No. 1, Merton No. 2, Merton No. 3, and Ladysmith situated but a short distance south of the Yellow Aster mines.  The Property was located in August of 1896, and is locally known as the Buckboard.

This property is classed among the best mines of the district, and a great future is claimed for it.  The main shaft is down 350 feet and drifts have been run from the 100, 150, 200, 250, and 350 feet levels.  There has been something like eleven hundred feet of development work done.

At present they are drifting at the 250-foot level, it being the intention of the management to block out sufficient ore to warrant the erection of 10-stamp mill.  In fact, the company is making a sale of sufficient stock for that purpose now.  The vein averages 10 feet in width and from ore taken from across the vein they received returns from the mill averaging $10 per ton.

The property has produced about $15,000 to date, yet larger returns could have been made were it not for the fact that only sufficient ore is being milled for running expenses.

It is only a matter of a short time when they will have their own mill in operation, and the saving made in hauling and milling will almost pay for its erection.

The plant is equipped with a gasoline hoist, and good buildings, and in fact everything is in readiness to begin operations on a large scale.  The property is situated about four miles from Randsburg and is considered one of the best properties in this section.

The officers of the company are: J. J. Donovan, president; C. L Adams, vice president; and superintendent; Angus Matheson, secretary and treasurer.” – Randsburg Miner Special Edition

March 31, 1900:  “THE BUCKBOARD PEOPLE have installed a gasoline engine, hoist and other machinery at the St. Elmo mine, and are now ready for active operations.  It is stated that they have twenty-five feet of ore, and are milling twelve feet of it without sorting.” –Bakersfield Californian

July 1900: “THE NEW COMPANY organized by electing  J. J. Donovan president,  C. L. Adams, vice president; Angus Matheson, secretary and treasurer, and began operations on the first of the month. They are down 370 feet and propose to sink 30 feet more and then drift.  At this depth they have from 15 to 20 feet of ore, but of a low grade.

They have milled some $50 rock, but for the most part half that sum would come nearer representing the true value of the ore taken from the mine. With a depth of 400 feet and a vein or ore running from 15 to 25 feet, as it does in places it will be easily seen that with drifts each way, a large body of ore is in sight.

They have examined it on one side to a distance of 100 feet, but on the other very little drifting has been done. They propose to erect a ten stamp mill and put on a greater force of men in the mine and for this purpose they offer for sale some stock at 30 cents per share.  The capitalization is $250,000 and the shares have a par value of $1 each. With careful and practical managing of the mine it looks as though this was s safe and good investment.”—Randsburg Miner

September 8, 1900: “THE BUCKBOARD owners are milling 60 tons at the Red Dog mill.” – Randsburg Miner

September 15, 1900: “THE BUCKBOARD mine had sixty tons of ore crushed at the Red Dog mill, which produced a gold brick worth $1000.  They have plenty more of the same kind of ore in sight, but are spending more effort developing the mine than in getting out ore.”—Randsburg Miner

May 23, 1903: “THE WATER PROBLEM in the Randsburg district especially has been long studied.  Numerous schemes have been agitated but none of them has as yet been carried through.  Among those interested in the solution of this vexing problem is President Guild of the Merton Mining and Milling Company who is now in this city and hopes are entertained by the miners in this section that the plan of the Merton Company may be carried through.  The plans as formulated by this company are to tap Cuddebach Lake some twenty-three miles north and east of Randsburg and to pipe the water to the camp. There is sufficient water supply at all times in this lake to answer all requirements.  The body of water is situated at a much higher altitude than the mining camp. This project will necessitate the outlay of a large amount of money as the laying of the pipe line through rolling country cannot be easily accomplished.  Activity in mineral development in these camps is said to have started several new companies it is understood will enter the field this year with the intention of carrying on mining on an extensive scale. Pacific Coast Miner.” – Mojave County Miner

July 11, 1903: “MERTON MINING COMPANY—This Company, at Randsburg has closed down its property, owing to the miners’ strike.  The Mattie has also closed down.”—Engineering and Mining Journal

1904: Developed by a 100 foot incline shaft with 700 feet of drifts.  Owned by Merton M&M Co.”–Aubrey

Buckboard Mine, January, 1972 -Roberta Starry Collection Courtesy of Maturango Museum

August 4, 1906:  “CHARLES ADAMS RETURNED from a two months’ vacation to the coast and southern towns.  He reports that the Buckboard mine has been bonded to Mr. Burcham of the Yellow Aster Co. and work will be begun to develop it in a few days and eventually a mill will be put on the property.” –Bakersfield Californian

April 27, 1907: “STARTING OF THE PHONIX MILL –D. V. A. Williams, who is in charge of Mr. Burcham’s mines outside the Yellow Aster, started the Phoenix mill yesterday on ore from the Buckboard mine.  There is a vast body of ore in the Buckboard and it is the intention to develop the mine and mill the ore at the Phoenix mill,–Randsburg Miner” –Bakersfield Californian

February 26, 1910:  “SPEAKING OF THE SITUATION is a representative of the Mining Review, a Randsburg man said a few days ago that it was a well-known fact that C. A. Burcham, vice-president of the company, has held an option on the Buckboard mine in the same district for some time and that failure to close negotiations has been explained by the announcement that he was waiting for the outcome of the Yellow Aster deal.” –Bakersfield Morning Echo

June 15, 1915:  “BUCKBOARD MINE AT RANDSBURG IS WORKED – The Buckboard mine at Randsburg is now being worked by the Fraser Bros., the original leasers having sold their lease a few days ago.

The former leasers worked only a few weeks and had a milling of 31 tons of ore that was milled at the Red Dog custom mill, averaging $21.75 per ton.

The Buckboard property has some wonderful ore bodies disclosed, the Randsburg Miner says, and it would be the most profitable producer in camp if a mill was situated on the property.” –Bakersfield Californian

June 21, 1915: “BUCKBOARD—The Buckboard property is coming into prominence as a producer.  Some time ago three leasers took out about 40 tons of gold ore in less than one month.  The new leasers, Fraser Bros. have been working the property less than a month and have taken out over 100 tons of low grade ore.

The extraction came from different workings in the mine and some of the ore was the result of cleaning out old stopes, etc.

It is understood that the new leasers will start hauling ore in a few days to the Baltic mill where they have a contract with the owners to mill the ore.  As yet we have no estimate of what the ore will average.”—Bakersfield Californian

June 20, 1916:  “L. A. MEN PURCHASE MINING PROPERTY AT ATOLIA FOR $100,000 – Low Grade and High Grade Both in Demand at Tungsten Camp.   Atolia, Cal., June 26 – In a deal involving over $100,000 the Baltic mine and mill, and the Buckboard mines in the Stringer district, lying between this place and Randsburg were sold Saturday to a syndicate of Los Angeles people, headed by A. O. Hunsaker, L. H. Harrod and J. C. Woodmancy by Messrs. Anker, of the Yellow Aster and Sweeney owners of the Baltic, and Mrs. Burcham and Anker owners of the biggest interests in the famous Yellow Aster gold mine.

The combine includes the Baltic mill and mine and the Buckboard mines, totaling about 150 acres of valuable ground and is located near the Yellow Aster and the Consolidated Mines Company another noted local dividend payer.

According to those interested the Baltic mill is to be remodeled and improved with the latest machinery and arranged for net reduction of both tungsten and gold; 30,000 tons of ore are ready for milling.” – The Bakersfield Californian

November 20, 1917: The Buckboard Mine is under lease to Dr. C. H. White of Los Angeles.  A plan for treatment of proving ore bodies in this property is being built.”—Bakersfield Californian

Buckboard Incline Shaft - Roberta Starry Collection Courtesy of Maturango Museum

March 1925: “THE RAND MINING & MILLING COMPANY also owns the Buckboard property, located approximately two mines southwest of the Baltic Mine.  This property is developed by a single-compartment shaft inclined at a low angel to the northeast.  It has not been operated for many years but at one time produced more of less gold.”–Hulin

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