Survey number:      Owner:      Date of discovery:

While it is the intention of the Rand Desert Museum to have each claim posted in to the CLAIMS portion of each town this may not happen for some time while the mechanics of the Claims section are worked out.  In the mean time we are posting that information here so that is available to you.  When we get the CLAIMS portion of the web site up and working it will be much easier to conduct a search a specific claim or claim owner.

Thank you for your patience.


April 27, 1905: “The Gold King mine, a little southeast of the Sunshine owned by H. B. Manby  of Johannesburg, is showing up some good, gold bearing ore at the fifty foot level. The shaft is eighty feet with ore at the bottom, but the principal values seem to in the drift at the fifty foot level.  Some of the quartz shows free gold.  At the present time Mr. Manby is more interested in tungsten as he has some claims that show up good values.” –Randsburg Miner



December 15, 1912: “WHITE FLOWER PRODUCES TUNGSTEN—Andy Nixon, who recently bought the White Flower tungsten claim situated northeast of Atolia, is engaged in sinking a shaft on the property.   A strong vein of scheelite has been encountered carrying as high as 25 per cent.”—Bakersfield Morning Echo

January 19, 1913: “WHITE FLOWER GOOD PROPERTY—The White Flower, a scheelite property located northwest of Atolia, owned by Andy Nixon, promises to become a good producer in the near future.  A strong vein of 25 per cent tungsten trioxide was discovered recently and the vein is both increasing in size and improving in quality with depth.”—Bakersfield Morning Echo

April 12, 1913: ”A promising vein of scheelite has been uncovered on the White Flower mining claim, located near Atolia and operated by Andy Nixon and associates.  A six-inch vein of ore, averaging 25 per cent, tungsten trioxide, was struck on the 65- foot level where drifting was started recently.  The ore has all characteristics of permanency and the vein is expected to increase in size with depth.  A small tonnage of ore has been extracted.” –Randsburg Miner

May 24, 1913: “A large tonnage of scheelite, a tungsten mineral, ranging from 10 to 25 per cent in tungsten trioxide, is on the dump of the White Flower claim, near Atolia,  miles south of Randsburg.  This property is worked by A. A. Nixon and promises to become a good producer.  The ore has been proved to a depth of 85 feet along the granite hanging wall.  Forty-five feet of drifting, west of the shaft, has exposed a ledge, ranging from one to two feet in width.  The showing at the bottom of the drift gives promise of the ledge holding out to greater depth and sinking will be continued in the near future.  Nixon will continue ore extraction until he has accumulated enough ore for a carload shipment.

June 1, 1913: “Prompted by the good outlook of his scheelite property near Atolia, A. A. Nixon is installing a Wilfley concentrator at Barney Osdick’s mill, two miles southeast of Randsburg.  Two stamps of the mill will be used to crush the ore.  A 25-horse power gasoline engine will operated the plant.  A pipe line connects the mill with a siding of the Santa Fe Branch line.”—Bakersfield Morning Echo

June 28, 1913: “A. Nixon is milling 40 tons of scheelite, extracted from the White Flower claim near Atolia, as his own concentrating plant at Barney Osdick’s mill.  His concentrator will handle three tons a day.  After completing the mill run on his own ore he will concentrate 20 tons of ore from the Winnie mine in the Stringer district, the property of Cha. Koehn.” –Randsburg Miner

April 19, 1916:  “J. P. Plougher of Taft has taken a contract on the Andy Nixon claims on the flat East of the Atolia mill with Mrs. Clara Starr and after a few days here has returned to Taft after tools and equipment to start sinking on the property.  The Nixon property joins the townsite and the Atolia Company property and is practically proven ground. The lease has a year to run and is sure to prove a money maker. ” –Bakersfield Californian

June 24, 1917: “WORK ON THE WHITE FLOWER claim is progressing rapidly and cross cutting going on for intercepting vein of high grade believed to exist north of present workings.”—Bakersfield Morning Echo

February 7, 1918:  “Work on the White Flower by Tom Walley and Associates shows a strong vein of scheelite that is already developed for over 100 feet and showing high-grade the full length.”—Bakersfield Morning Echo.


April 22, 1905: “Pete Jensen and W. A. Ruffhead have made some very rich finds on their claims near the large boulders west of St. Elmo.  Mr. Jensen is the first tungsten prospector of the camp and has other claims with good ledges of ore as a result of much persistent and systematic prospecting.” –Randsburg Miner


May 25, 1905: “H. E. Rambo, who has just returned from Randsburg, says that arrangements are being made to build plants for handling the lower grade of tungsten.  The thing that is delaying this work is the uncertainty as to what particular kind of mill and concentrator will handle the product best. As Mr. Rambo says they are all afraid that if they get one outfit  installed another more economical or more effectual method will be discovered and the first investment will be lost.  As far as the tungsten is concerned there is already enough in sight to warrant a plant being erected.

Mr. Rambo and his associates have uncovered a good quantity of the ore on their claims.  The have taken out quite a little quantity of a high enough grade to ship and have milled a little of the poorer grade, but their chief efforts have been toward getting a good quantity of the ore in sight so as to form some estimate as to the amount they will be able to produce.” –Randsburg Miner


Mineral Survey No. 4572, Independence Land District, Claims located –Gold Stone January 3, 1905 and Gold Stone Extension Q. M. January 4, 1907., knows as Gold Stone and Gold Stone Extension Quartz Mine, owned by E. S. Roberts and Clyde Darrow, improvements on Gold Stone Mine, 1. Disc. Shaft, ½ interest value $575 2. Shafts $750 3. Shaft $250, 4. Shaft $250, 5. Shaft $250, 6. Shaft $250, On Gold Stone Extension Quartz Mine. 1. Disc. Shaft $150.  Located sec. 19, T.30S., R. 41E., M.D.M.

April 25, 1907: “The Gold Stone mine is showing up in fine shape.  They were down 100 feet and now drifting.” –Randsburg Miner



March 28, 1907: “Charles Wetherbee and W. W. Wikard have been experimenting on concentrating tungsten ore at the Phoenix mill at Johannesburg, with entire success.  They have used the Woodbury Concentrator and find that they can take low grade tungsten ore and concentrate it into values running as high as sixty per cent; values that pay well for shipment.  This will be of immense benefit to many holders of tungsten claims that do not produce ore rich enough to ship without concentrating, as is the case with the Papoose.” –Randsburg Miner

April 25, 1907: “Tomorrow Chas. Wetherbee ship four tons of tungsten ore.  This ore comes from several parties.  Some of it is from the Winnie mine owned by Charlie Koehn and is in a pure state, just as it comes from the mine.  Some of it comes from the Gold Stone mine owned by Wetherbee just west of the Papoose and the balance from Wickard mine.  Some of this ore has been concentrated and is of a high degree of purity.  The shipment goes to Philadelphia and is paid for at the rate of $8.00 per unit F.O. B. Johannesburg.  The Gold Stone mine is showing up in fine shape.  They were down 100 feet and now drifting.” –Randsburg Miner

June 27, 1907: “Chas Wetherbee is taking out a considerable quantity of tungsten every day.” –Randsburg Miner

August 29, 1907: “Chas. Wetherbee, of the tungsten mines, has just returned from a long trip by wagon through Owens valley and up to Bodie.” –Randsburg Miner



October 15, 1904: “Mr. Gideon Boericke, secretary and treasurer of Primros Chemical Co., near Philadelphia, Pa., came into town Thursday evening with the intention of sampling and buying tungsten ore.  Last spring Wickard and Hansen, whilst working a claim near the Black Hawk, came upon some deposits of tungsten which seemed to be of good quality.  They sent samples to the company which Boericke represents, but did not hear any thing on the matter until that gentleman—(rest of article cut out of paper).” –Randsburg Miner

April 22, 1905: “Wickard and Myers who have been running a cross-cut at a depth of 28 feet have encountered a very rich deposit.” –Randsburg Miner

April 22, 1905: “Tungsten Stories Not Exaggerated— James Curry, the Randsburg hay and grain merchant, was in Bakersfield yesterday.  Mr. Curry says that the reported strikes of tungsten at Randsburg have not been exaggerated and that the discoveries of that mineral are really marking a new epoch in the history of the mining town.  There have been a large number of new arrivals at Randsburg since the tungsten excitement, many people coming from Los Angeles and quite a number from Bakersfield.

Mr. Curry says that Wickard and Gaylor, who were among the first to begin prospecting for Tungsten, are now down about fifty feet on a ledge that runs about 10 inches thick.  The tungsten on the surface runs anywhere from $200 to $400 a ton,  and as it is almost as heavy as lead it does not require a very thick vein to make an enormously rich mine.

Some of the deposits are in schist and granite, and some are in clay.  New finds are being made every day and the indications are that the territory over which it is likely to be found is quite extensive.  Deposits have been found all over the bearing belt and some finds have been made outside the gold belt.

Mr. Curry says that considerable quantities of tungsten have been found on the dumps of old mines where it has been thrown away by gold seekers who did not know its value.” –Randsburg Miner

April 25, 1907: “Tomorrow Chas. Wetherbee ship four tons of tungsten ore.  This ore comes from several parties.  Some of it is from the Winnie mine owned by Charlie Koehn and is in a pure state, just as it comes from the mine.  Some of it comes from the Gold Stone mine owned by Wetherbee just west of the Papoose and the balance from Wickard mine.  Some of this ore has been concentrated and is of a high degree of purity.  The shipment goes to Philadelphia and is paid for at the rate of $8.00 per unit F.O. B. Johannesburg.  The Gold Stone mine is showing up in fine shape.  They were down 100 feet and now drifting.” –Randsburg Miner

October 3, 1907: “S. P. MacKnight and H. R. Bacon, a mining man from Los Angeles, have taken a lease and bond on the Tungsten Mines owned by Wickard, Byrne, and others and have set some men at work.  There is a strong probability of selling the property outright, soon as some interested parties are expected in next week.” –Randsburg Miner


October 3, 1907: “More Tungsten Mines—Another rich find of tungsten in San Bernardino county is reported by the Long Beach correspondent of the Los Angeles Express, who Says; “Carl Firhard and Peter Harrison, two local mining men, claim to have struck a veritable bonanza in the form of a tungsten mine on their claims on the Mojave Desert.  They returned to Long Beach to complete arrangements for testing the value and extent of the deposit, which they believe will make them immensely wealth.

Tungsten is an extremely rare metal used in toughening steel for armor-plate and similar purposes and is worth $15 a pound.

Both gentlemen claim that preliminary examinations and tests of the showed 75 percent tungsten, and that there is a great deposit of it, from all indications.  The metal was struck at a depth of but 15 feet.” –Randsburg Miner



April 22, 1905: “Chas. Churchill has uncovered two large ledges of ore on his claims east of the Railroad.” –Randsburg Miner

August 9, 1913: “A new gallows-frame, 60 feet in height, is being erected by the Atolia Mining Company at No. 1 Union shaft, which has reached a depth of more than 600 feet.  There is a big body of tungsten ore in the bottom of this shaft and favorable indications point to the continuance of the ore body.  A new hoist will be installed at this shaft, which is the deepest of the Churchill group, owned by the Atolia Mining Company.” –Randsburg Miner

September 25, 1915: “A ton of 75 per cent tungsten was shipped by Anderson and Roberts from the Churchill lease a few days ago and there is considerable more in sight says the Randsburg Miner.”—Bakersfield Californian

October 5, 1915: “Anderson and Roberts of Atolia are now running full force and are taking 200 and 300 pounds of high-grade tungsten ore each day.  Active operations took place last week on this lease on the Churchill property adjoining No. 3 shaft, west of Atolia.  The leasers have a ledge about four inches wide and it is expected to widen out any time.  The ore is high-grade and will average about 60 per cent.”—Bakersfield Morning Echo


April 22, 1905: “The Hopcraft-Hallford contingency have a body of rich ore on a claim adjoining Ray’s.” –Randsburg Miner



April 22, 1905: “Charles Adams has a well defined stringer on his claim immediately south of Sanderson’s and is working like a Trojan to fine the main ledge.” –Randsburg Miner

January 6, 1914: “Charles Adams of Bakersfield, formerly of Johannesburg, and Len Cunningham of Redondo Beach, formerly of this city, are doing assessment work on their property near the Churchill tungsten mine near Atolia.”—Bakersfield Morning Echo

December 14, 1916: “Charles T. Adams, who has spent the last year at Atolia, where he has a valuable mine, will spent Christmas with his wife and family here.”—Bakersfield Morning Echo


August 17, 1905: “Greenwood and Thompson are doing work on their tungsten claim near St. Elmo.  They are getting out considerable milling ore but not rich enough to ship.  They find it in an old shaft nearly a hundred feet deep, which had been sunk years ago for gold.  They have a lease on the claim, and hope to find paying gold ore before they quit.” –Randsburg Miner


Tungsten Claims Sold—Mr. J. E. Pagh last Saturday sold the South Side Group of quartz claims, consisting of the Iowa, X-Ray, Tom Reed, Robert S. and Michigan, to the Stauffer Chemical Co. of San Francisco.  The claims are about one and one-half miles above the St. Elmo in a northerly direction, and about four miles east of Randsburg.  The prospects indicate valuable tungsten deposits.


Mineral Survey No. 4809, Independence Land District, Located September 26, 1896, Redondo Pete Lode, Ownded by Sophie W. Hallahan, Improvements consiting of 10 open cuts, 5 shafts, and 1 cross cut, valued at $1885.  Patented November 11, 1912 —- 18.76 acres.  Located T.30S.,R.41E.,MDMin the N. E. ¼ of Sec. 19

January 9, 1904: “Messrs. Phillips and Manning are doing the assesment work on the Redondo Pete and Inglewood claims near St. Elmo.” –Randsburg Miner


March 10, 1917: “NEW COMPANY  TO OPERATE  IN CERBAT RANGE – (From Friday Daily Miner) After spending two days in Chloride inspecting properties likely to be acquired by the Union Metals Corporation, which they and associates are organizing, Frank F. Peard of New York, CoL J. C. Rankin of Chicago and W. E. W. Hall of London, England, left Kingman yesterday afternoon to examine a property in Riverside county, Calif., upon which they hold an option of purchase. They were accompanied by J. P. Ryan of Chloride and D. G. Kidder, mining engineer for Mr. Peard, who recently completed an examination of the properties referred to in the Chloride section.

The new company will take over the properties of the Golconda Consolidated Mines, namely, the Fredonia and Golden Gem, near the famous Golconda mine of the Union Basin Mining company at Golconda in the Cerbat range, north of Kingman. The promoters of the new corporation hold title to 200 acres of ground adjoining the famous Atolia tungsten mine at Atolia, San Bernardino county, Calif., and 100 acres of ground adjoining the United Tungsten-Copper mines near
Victorville, also in San Bernardino county, Calif.

The Union Metals Corporation is being organized under the laws of Arizona, with a capitalization of $2,500,000, divided into as many $1 par value shares. In addition to Messrs. Peard, Rankin, Hall, Kidder and Ryan, A. W. Clapp, manager of the Golconda Consolidated Mines, will be interested in the new company and will hold an executive position.

Prior to his departure from Kingman yesterday, Mr. Peard stated thathe had been very favorably impressed with his observations at Chloride and other sections of the Cerbat range he had visited and that it was his desire that the new company shall confine its holdings and operations to the range named as much as possible.” – Mohave County Miner


December 01, 1906: “Two years ago much excitement was caused by the discovery of tungsten ores four miles south of Randsburg says the Los Angeles Times.   San
Francisco operators secured fifty three claims established the camp of Atolia which now has a post office and organized the Papoose Mining Company. The mines have been opened to a depth of 150 feet and 120 tons of 70 percent tungsten concentrates have been shipped to Europe The Cora Dee has the same big ledge which runs through the Papoose at forty feet below the surface on the vein was a fifteen inch streak of ore giving 23 per cent tungsten and at 115 feet on the same ledge was two and a half feet of 60 percent tungsten ore. William Green who first discovered the tungsten in the district is the owner.  Other miners are actively at work in the same district.”– Mojave County Miner



March 16, 1915: “Frank Feldman has leased the tailing dump at the San Antonio mine.  A small, cyanide plant has been erected and several thousand tons of tailings ore to be worked, which will average $9.50 per ton.”—Bakersfield Morning Echo

April 19, 1915: SAN ANTONIO, Frank Feldman, who is cyaniding the dump at this place, has a batch of precipitates treated at the Red Dog mill last week.  He received $600 gold and $270 silver.”—Bakersfield Californian



June 21, 1915: “THE BERTINO-SCHOONMAKER MINING CO., leasers on company ground, received returns from their ore this week.  Ten and one half tons of 60 per cent ore was realized from their work.  The ore was worth $189 per ton.

The extraction came from a property situated south of the mill, and was the first ore that has ever been found in the immediate vicinity and has caused several of the miners to do considerable prospecting at this place.”—Bakersfield Californian

June 21, 1915: “The Bertino-Schoonmaker Mining Co., leasers on company ground received returns from their ore this week.  Ten and one-half tons of 60 per cent ore was realized from their work.  The ore was worth $189 per ton.

This extraction came from a property situated south of the mill and was the first ore that has ever been found in the immediate vicinity and has caused several of the miners to do considerable prospecting at this place.”—Bakersfield Californian


June 21, 1915: “FRANK MARQUIS AND JOHN MAYHOOD (MAHOOD) who have a lease on the Atolia Company’s ground, south of the mill, have encountered some very good ore.  The shaft is down 35 feet and work of drifting west is in progress.  About six and one-half tons of 30 per cent ore has been sent to the mill for treatment.”—Bakersfield Californian


June 21, 1915: “PAYMASTER—M. J. Lovett, who is leasing with two other men, west of the Yellow Aster, encountered some exceptionally high grade ore, a few days ago.  The ore is plastered with gold and some silver is in evidence.”—Bakersfield Californian



June 19, 1914: “STIKE TUNGSTEN IN STREET AT ATOLIA—Right in the middle of the main street of the mining town of Atolia out on the desert, where miners boots have paced back and forth between saloons for years, has been struck a rich vein of tungsten which will run fully 60 per cent according to word which reached this city.  The discovery was made by two prospectors, Cook and Lypps, who taken a lease at Atolia.  It is not known just how extensive will be the vein, but what has been uncovered so far is high grade.”—Bakersfield Morning Echo

March 15, 1916: “TIPP’S (LYPP’S) LEASE on the Osdick property is about through.  This lease, probably the best paying in camp, has paid the lessees an amount estimated as high as $750,000.  A conservative guess is $200,000.  Many residents of Bakersfield will be glad to know of Lypp’s success.  He formerly was with the Santa Fe.”—Bakersfield Californian

July 10, 1915:  “TUNGSTEN FOUND AFTER EIGHT MONTHS WORK—A report has reached this city from Randsburg that  Cook & Lipps, the  leases of the Osdick group of  claims in that district,  have encountered some high  grade tungsten ore after  eight  months hard  work.  The property adjoins the Spanish lease of the Atolia Company’s ground, which has   produced many thousand dollars of high grade ore.  It is the opinion of the lesser that this recently disclosed ore body is the continuation of the Spanish lease.

About eight shafts were sunk on the property before ore was found.  The deepest one is about fifty feet, the others running from 20 to 50 feet.  The ore was encountered at a depth of 24 feet, and it will run about 60 per cent.” – The Bakersfield Californian

April 4, 1916: “GOFORTH NEIMORE, A LOCAL LESSOR on the Vic Lipps-Brock lease near the townsite, hoisted a 100-pound nugget of 70 per cent ore a few days ago.” – Bakersfield Californian


September 25, 1915:  “A TON OF 75 PER CENT TUNGSTEN was shipped by Anderson and Roberts from the Churchill lease a few days ago and there is considerable more in sight, says the Randsburg Miner.”—Bakersfield Californian



February 22, 1916:  “LOCATION NOTICES –L. Cunningham and C. L. Adams—Oro Alto No. 1 about 3 miles west of Atolia, Rand. Dist.”—Bakersfield Californian

July 31, 1916:  “Mrs. Len Cunningham and son Fred of Atolia, are visiting at the home of Mrs. C. L. Adams.  Mr. Cunningham and Mr. Adams are partners in the Cameron tungsten clams, adjoining the Atolia Mining company property on the west.” –Bakersfield Californian

Hurley & Guyman—

March 15, 1916: “Spud pickers are still hard at it and many are making big money.  Dave Moore picked about 20 pounds Saturday and Sunday.  Wm. Hurley picked up and eight pound “Murphy” yesterday worth about $24.”–Bakersfield Californian

March 15, 1916: “An important deal was closed today when Wm. Hurley sold his property in the Rand district to Chas. Guyman of Los Angeles.  The Hurley property consists of a claim and a half and contains both placer and quartz.  Many leases are at work on the property today.  Guyman’s first act was to pick up a “spud” weighing about a half pound.” —Bakersfield Californian


March 20, 1916:  “NOTICES OF MINING LOCATIONS FILED HERE—Dave Ross, Kerdoo claim, about 2 miles from Atolia shaft No. 1, Rand District.” –Bakersfield Californian


March 20, 1916:  “Jim Rice started another shaft today on his property near the townsite and will probably start still another shaft tomorrow.  Shaft No. 1 has a fine showing.” – Bakersfield Californian

April 4, 1916: Jim Rice, pioneer of the desert and well known in Kern County, is today cleaning up his property in the townsite and making ready to sell what ore is ready for market preparatory to closing a deal which has been pending for several days.  The time is up tonight and the deal involving a large sum is thought to be already closed”—Bakersfield Californian


March 20, 1916:  “Equipped with a concrete mixer, a jig, gold plates, a Howe gas engine and with four men Gallagher’s claim, 200×75, is giving results of $50 clear per day and the men are working all the dirt to bedrock.” – Bakersfield Californian


April 1, 1916:  “MINER’S ESTATE HELD VALUELESS WORTH $50.000 – Atolia Claims Thought to Be Worth Nothing Feb. 17 – Now A Fortune.  — When William H. McClure, a Randsburg miner, died five weeks ago the value of his estate, which consists of an interest in tungsten claims at Atolia, was considered insufficient to pay the funeral expenses.

A few days ago $50,000 was offered for the same mining interest and was refused, according to a report from an authentic source.

McClure was one of the men who located claims in the Atolia district, which is now one of the leading tungsten districts of the country, before the sensational strike became generally known He held a one-fourth interest in the Sunset group of claims.

The entire estate is left to McClure’s sister, Mrs. Mollie Gage, a widow. She is named as the executrix in the will and filed through Attorney T. N. Harvey, a petition for probate of the instrument today.” – The Bakersfield Californian

W. H. ELY—

April 1, 1916: ‘NOTICES OF MINING LOCATION FILED HERE –W. H Ely,   Jake No.1, Jumbo, Gold Knot and Butterfly claims about 5 miles West of Old Garden station, Radamacher dist.” – The Bakersfield Californian


April 1, 1916: ‘NOTICES OF MINING LOCATION FILED HERE –John G. Burns, Rialto Claims, 1 to 4, about 5 miles W from Atolia, Rand  district.” – The Bakersfield Californian



April 4, 1916: “STRIKES GOOD LEDGE – Hugh Leonard, owner of valuable property near the famous No.1 of the Atolia Company, struck an 18-inch ledge of 25 per cent tungsten a day or two ago and is now taking out commercial ore.  Leonard also has taken an option on the Blue ground in the Stringer District, adjoining the Pagh property, on which Tompkins & Colburn are now taking out 30 pounds and more a day and expects to close up in a few days.  Blue, owner of the ground under option, also owns the Black Hawk gold mine, adjoining, which is being worked under a royalty proposition by Lester Laird, well known brother of Ernest and Rollin Laird of Bakersfield.”—Bakersfield Californian

July 17, 1917: “J. C. MILLER, secretary of the Blackhawk Tungsten Company of the Stringer district, returned from and outing to the coast this week.” — Bakersfield Californian

July 17, 1917: “J. A. ATCHINSON, of San Pedro and connected with the Black Hawk Tungsten Mining Company, had the harrowing experience of stepping on a nail that was stuck in a board with the point (         ) upward.  The nail passed through his foot causing a painful wound that had to be cauterized by Dr. Hoag of Atolia. ” — Bakersfield Californian

September 5, 1917: “THE BLACK HAWK TUNGSTEN COMPANY of San Pedro operating one of the Leonard claims near the rich Churchill mine of the Atolia Mining Company is down several hundred feet with their vertical shaft.  Several promising veins have been encountered.  These will be exploited as soon as desired depth is attained.  The object of sinking a vertical shaft, which crosscuts the formation that uniformly dips to the north, is to intercept the various veins known to traverse that section and later open them up by drifting methods, where ore encountered may be stoped out.”—Bakersfield Californian

November 20, 1917:  “H. Leonard of the Black Hawk Tungsten Mining Company has electric hoist and air compressor, machine drills and a well-equipped plant.  The shaft is now down 500 feet and cross cutting both ways will now be rushed.”—Bakersfield Californian

March 17, 1919:  “NOTICE OF STOCKHOLDERS MEETING—Notice is hereby given that the regular annual meeting of the Stockholders of the Black Hawk Tungsten Mining Corporation, will be held at the Atolia, California, at the office of the Corporation at 3:30 P. M. on Friday April 11, 1919, for the purposes of electing a Board of Directors for the ensuing year and for the transaction of such other business as many (sic) be brought before an annual meeting.

Dated, San Pedro, California, March 11, 1919.


Secretary of the Black Hawk Tungsten Mining Corporation

San Bernardino County Sun


April 15, 1916:  “Among recent lucky strikes near Atolia is that of Harry Swartout, a well-known pioneer in the Stringer district, Kern County.  Swartout has a lease on the Napoleon claim, owned by the Red Dog Company and for five days has taken out an average of $400 per day and still has a large amount of ground to be orked. His lease has five months more to run.  Swartout is well remembered in the early days when he hauled water to Randsburg from Goler.” – The Bakersfield Californian

April 27, 1916:  “Notice of Mining Location —  C. E. Lockwood et al  — Marathon nos. 1 to 4.5 miles NW of Atolia, Rand district.



April 13, 1916:  “KREKELER WILL WORK CLAIMS AT ATOLIA—Taft, April 13.—City Trustee L. R. Krekeler took his departure yesterday for Atolia, where he has a couple of leases.  He will at once begin developing his properties and in so doing will be compelled to visit Los Angeles for the purpose of obtaining the necessary machinery for the work, which he will prosecute with vigor.

Accompanying him was J. B. Gries of the Palace restaurant, who take advantage of the opportunity for the purpose of enjoying a week away from business and at the same time, obtain a much needed rest.  As Gries is a former Nevada mining camp man he may get the old but before he returns and conclude to enter into business in the lively mining camp.” –Bakersfield Californian

April 16, 1916: “Taft, April 13 – City trustee L. R. Krekeler took his departure yesterday for Atolia, where he has a couple of leases.  He will at once begin developing his properties and in so doing will be compelled to visit Los Angeles for the purpose of obtaining the necessary machinery for the work, which he will prosecute with vigor.

Accompanying him was J. B. Gries of the Palace restaurant, who takes advantage of the opportunity for the for the purpose of enjoying a week away from business and at the same time obtain a much needed rest.  As Gries is a former Nevada mining camp man he may get the old bug before he returns and conclude to enter into  business in the  lively mining camp.” — The Bakersfield Californian

May 1, 1916:  “Among the Taft people to get in early and fairly good is L. F. Krekeler.  He has a lease in the flat secured from Peter Osdick, who has 11 claims in the flat and which he has owned for several years.  The shaft is down 30 feet and has passed through small bunches of tungsten, but not of paying quantity.  But they are on the way and will probably strike it soon.” – The Bakersfield Californian

June 7, 1916: “TAFT PERSONALS –City Trustee Krekelser, after spending a few days in Taft with his family and taking a hand in the trustee meeting, took his departure for his mining property at Atolia yesterday afternoon.  He is very optimistic concerning the future of tungsten and believes that in a short time a price will prevail which will make the game worthwhile.”—Bakersfield Californian

June 12, 1916: “HOME FROM ATOLIA—City Trustee Krekeler, who has a promising lease in the Atolia tungsten field, arrived home last evening, intending to return to his mine tomorrow.  Mr. Krekeler says that since buyers ceased to take the product of the mines many have taken their departure, throwing aside their leases in despair.  However, should prices and a demand again prevail there will be the same old activity.  He has great confidence in the tungsten proposition.”—Bakersfield Californian

June 13, 1916: “TAFT MEN RETURNED FROM ATOLIA, DISGUSTED – City Trustee L. F. Krekeler, who returned to Taft last Saturday, states that while he had another month to work on his tungsten lease on the Osdick estate, that he has closed the property for good.  The low price of the ore and the further fact that there are no buyers caused him to abandon his lease.  According to Mr. Krekeler there are many others who doing as he did—quitting their work.”—Bakersfield Californian


May 1, 1916: “Harry Blaisdell and an associate are doing their own work on a lease in the flat. Good tungsten of medium percentage has been encountered and they expect to strike a bunch of the real stuff before they reach bed rock, which will be in a few feet.” – The Bakersfield Californian


May 1, 1916: “A. M. Carter, a mining boom follower, and who has been in many of the big rushes, is on the ground and expects to get a lease.  Being a practical mining engineer and an assayer, he looks so favorably on Atolia that he has concluded to remove all his belongings from Taft and locate there.” – The Bakersfield Californian



May 1, 1916: “TAKING A LONG SHOT – Probably the most fortunate of the Taft bunch is Len Little, W. I. McLaughlin, Cy Bell and others.  They took the famous Lipps-Brock lease, which expired at noon of the 27th, and as soon as Lipps gets all his muck from the holes and drifts will begin operating it.  The former leasers paid 25 per cent royalty.  Little et al., knowing its value and desirous of obtaining it, pay 50 per cent.  While it is a long shot they feel that even at that excessive royalty the coming 12 months will put them many hundreds of thousands of dollars to the good.” – The Bakersfield Californian

June 12, 1916: “The Cy Bell-Bibbs-Standard Oil lease came to the front this week when a pay streak of high grade was found that insures big money to the leasers and to Pete Osdick, owner, for some time to come.  The vein was encountered several days ago and continues work shows that it goes to depth.”—Bakersfield Californian

June 20, 1916:  “CRUSHER SECURED—A crusher has been received and is now ready for installment on the Lipps lease, now under lease to Bell and others of the Standard Oil Company force in Kern County.  Superintendent Bibbs has already taken out considerable ore and has a large amount opened up.  High and low grade ore will be taken out shortly, the low grade to be milled at Johannesburg.”—Bakersfield Californian



April 18, 1916: “TAFTIANA WILL MINE TUNGSTEN AT ATOLIA– Taft, April 18, –While Harry Morrison of the Model restaurant, Sam White, Archie Abel and Jack Harris were at Atolia last week they secured a lease on what they consider promising ground.  Upon returning to Taft they got Gus Ninkovich interested and he became so enthusiastic that he promised to go in with the boys and help out financially.  Tomorrow the first mentioned quartet will leave for the new tungsten camp and begin operations extracting the valuable mineral for market.

Friends of the parties interested wish them all the good luck imaginable.” –Bakersfield Californian

May 1, 1916: “Harry Morrison and associates are working like Trojans on their lease near the Stringer.   Thursday they encountered a swell stringer and when I saw them Friday night at Randsburg they were feeling very much elated over their find as they believe that they have struck something worthwhile in the way of a body of tungsten.” – The Bakersfield Californian

May 23, 1916: “The Morrison-white et al. combination has taken a lease on the   Key-Fox claim from J.  A. Felter and on Wednesday began producing A promising stringer was traced and may run into something good.”– The Bakersfield Californian

June 5, 1916:  “Sam White and Harry Morrisen, who spent the past two months prospecting in the Atolia district, are among those who as yet have not become discouraged with the prospects.  In a letter to Gus Ninkovich they report a rich strike which promises to make dividends with the market for tungsten being restored. Samples of the tungsten found were received Thursday by Ninkovich.  They appear exceedingly rich.”—Bakersfield Californian

June 8, 1916: “RETURN TO ATOLIA—Harry Morrison and Sam White returned last evening to Atolia, where they recently encountered a bunch of tungsten which promises much.  The sample of high grade they brought with them convinced Gus Nincovitch that he could not afford to desert his partners at this stage of the game just when it begins to get interesting.  And, besides meal ticket money doesn’t amount to very much anyway.  Friends of the boys hope that they will strike it bigger than anything and then some, as they are all hard workers.”—Bakersfield Californian


May 1, 1916: “Adjoining Dr. Key is Walter Burris and  F. E. Baker, who  have leased a  claim.  The boys went to Los Angeles last Friday to purchase the necessary equipment for placering their ground, they having a good tungsten prospect.” – The Bakersfield Californian


April 22, 1916: “LEAVE FOR ATOLIA—Taft, April 22.—I. A. Feller, the contractor, is to leave today for Atolia, taking with him a truckload of material to be used by Taft people who have secured leases in the new mining camps.  For some time Mr. Felter has been interested in the new camp and has made several trips there in his own and others’ interest.  It is to be wished that he will make a comfortable stake before the camp goes on the blink, should such a condition happen.” Bakersfield Californian

May 1, 1916: “Dr. Key and I. A. Feller have a lease near the Sunshine mine in the Stringer section which is very promising, tungsten   of a very high percentage having been found near the grass roots.  It is on this property that   C. G. Noble has a lease. Work is to begin in a few days by all parties concerned.” – The Bakersfield Californian


May 1, 1916:   “Paddy Shanahan, C. S. Johnson and H. F. Trenholmm have three claims  way out in the flat and are soon  to begin work on them.” – The Bakersfield Californian


May 1, 1916:   “Near them (the Krekeler claim) is Pope and Kersey, who have two men at work sinking. Charley Pope was there Thursday and fixed the boys so that they can continue their work of sinking.” – The Bakersfield Californian


May 3, 1916:  “GEORGE BOEBERTS AND JOSEPH BUMGARDNER left here today for their homes in Bakersfield, where machinery and   equipment will be secured for their different properties here which are to be   opened up in the next few days.  Boebert’s lease is on the Osdick claims east of the Atolia mill, and Bumbardner’s property is in the Stringer district.” – The Bakersfield Californian



May 15, 1916: “GOOD  NEWS  RECEIVED FROM  ATOLIA  CAMP—TAFT, May 15 – Joe Prince has received word from his partners at Atolia that their tungsten lease is looking exceedingly good, there being about 1500 pounds of various percentages on the  dump, and the men  still taking is out.  Prince was also informed that notwithstanding reports that buyers had withdrawn from the field three had visited his place and desired to purchase, but that the partners would not sell at the price offered.  The Prince lease seems to be one of the really good ones in the Stringer District.” – The Bakersfield Californian

May 23, 1916: “Joe Prince and associates, who struck a pocket of  high grade, are waiting returns from their ore. It is understood that the stuff  has  not been  sold.” — The Bakersfield Californian

June 12, 1916: “THREE TAFTIANS BEAT ATOLIA MNING GAME—V. A. Wilcox, formerly of the Hollywood dairy, but more recently of Atolia, has returned from the mining district, well satisfied that Taft is far better than any mining boom town. With Joe Prince and Don Hatfield, Wilcox had extraordinary mining luck and was able to leave the camp in much better shape financially than many.

The trio struck a ledge of good ore which made much excitement in the neighborhood and incidentally brought them several hundred dollars before it ran out.”Bakersfield Californian


May 23, 1916: “Baker & Barris have the largest and most promising ledge on the Key-Fox estate  At Six feet a ledge of  second class tungsten was broken into and being more that twelve inches wide, given promise of running into something bordering onto the 60 per cent  last week a buyer contracted for the few hundred pounds the boys had on  hand at $45 the unit ,to take it last Wednesday  When the day arrived the  buyer notified them that he would not  take it at  the figure or any other figure. The Bakersfield Californian


April 4, 1916:  “BEN SPILLMAN OF TAFT, who is operating a lease in the Stringer district, went to Bakersfield last night.  Spillman recently bought out Frank Flannigan and H. B. Frank of Bakersfield and is now operating for himself.  He will install a six-horsepower gas engine and a larger washer at once.  His lease is turning out well and he sufficient ground to last several months with a daily output of perhaps 50 pounds of 70 per cent ore a day.

Associate with Spillman on an adjoining lease if Roy Johnson of Bakersfield, a brother of Grant Johnson, city building inspector.”—Bakersfield Californian

May 23, 1916: “Ben Spillman sold his equipment last Tuesday for one-half what he refused a month ago The Bakersfield Californian


May 23, 1916: “O. E. Liddell  has taken possession of his lease on  the Gold Coin, not far from Spillman’s.  The property has been a producer of gold sufficient to  meet running expenses and Liddell figures that he will make a comfortable stake when the market  gets  back to  a good figure. The Bakersfield Californian

June 19, 1916: “O. E. Liddell, who has a valuable tungsten proposition between Randsburg and Atolia, has rented his residence at the corner of Fifth and Kern (Taft) for an indefinite period to A. D. Bowman of the Standard.  Mr. and Mrs. Liddell and daughter took their departure yesterday for their camp.”—Bakersfield Californian


May 23, 1916: “Par Closed Work – Last Wednesday notices  posted at the shaft of   the Par notified all workmen, numbering about eighty, to call at the office of the  Atolian and get their time  The Par is  a high percentage property and is owned by the Atolia  company.” – The Bakersfield Californian


June 6, 1916: “HAS RICH PRIZE—Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Rodgers and son of this city returned yesterday from Atolia.  Mrs. Rodgers brought with her a seven pound tungsten “spud” which she found herself on her husband’s claim.  The son obtained eight pounds of tungsten last Friday afternoon.’—Bakersfield Californian


June 7, 1916: “Claim Locations Filed – Fred De Augustine et al – Velvet Nos. 1, 2, 3, and 4, about 2 miles SW of Atolia, Rand Dist.” –Bakersfield Californian


June 7, 1916:  “Claim Locations Filed – J. E. Francis et al— Treasure Vault Nos. 1, 2, 3, and 4, about 2 miles NW of Atolia, Rand Dist.”—Bakersfield Californian


June 8, 1916: “NOTICES OF MINNG LOCATIONS FILED HERE—J. G. Coberly et al—Holy Cross, Little Gurt Nos. 1, 2, 3, about 14 mines SW of Atolia, Rand Dist. J. C. Coberly et al—Old Jeff claim 14 miles SW of Atolia, Rand dist.” —Bakersfield Californian


June 8, 1916: J. E. Ansel, et al, Lost Peg Leg, fifteen miles southwest of Atolia, Rand district.”—Bakersfield Californian


June 10, 1916: “NOTICES OF MINNG LOCATIONS FILED HERE—l. Cunningham and C. L. Adams –Weller fraction, Rand dist. ”—Bakersfield Californian

June 13, 1916:  “RICH TUNGSTEN ORE IS UNCOVERED ON WELLER LEASE—Stressinger & O’Brian, lessees on the Weller quartz claim at Atolia, have struck rich tungsten ore at a depth of sixty-eight feet.

The Weller is one of a group of claims owned by Lew Cunningham and C. L. Adams.  They adjoin No. 1, the best paying property belonging to the Atolia Mining Company.

Among the mining men in and around Atolia this strike is looked upon as of great importance, no strikes having been made heretofore west of No. 1.  A well-defined ledge four feet in width was struck on the Weller and it is hoped that a big mine will be opened, as contrary to most ledges, it produces high grade on the apex. The soil above this is from 45 to 50 feet deep.”—Bakersfield Californian


June 10, 1916: “J. F. Mansfield et al –Crow’s Nest and Uncle Joe, 14 miles SW of Atolia unknown dist.”—Bakersfield Californian



April 22, 1905: “Shorty D. has sold two claims to the west and adjoining Wickard and Sanderson to MacDonald, Thompson and I. W. Rinaldi, consideration not stated.” –Randsburg Miner

June 10, 1916: “X-RAY SCHEELITE SUIT BEING HEARD—Judge Mahon is hearing today the action brought by Reginald E. MacDonald and O. F. Rinaldi against H. A. Drain and others.  The plaintiffs ask that MacDonald be decreed to have a one-half interest and Rinaldi a one-sixth interest in the “X-Ray Scheelite mine” in the Rand district.  Attorneys Harvey and Whitaker appear for the plaintiffs and attorneys Irwin and McNamara for the defense.”—Bakersfield Californian

June 14, 1916: “MAHON WILL INSPECT PROPERTY AT ATOLIA –When Judge Mahon has heard all the testimony to be offered in the suit involving ownership of the “X-ray Scheelite claim” in the Rand district, he is expected to make a trip to Atolia and look over the situation personally.  The hearing will be concluded tomorrow, it is thought.

The parties to the action are R. E. MacDonald and O. F. Rinaldi, who are represented by Attorneys Harvey and Whittaker, and R. A. Brown, Harry Owen, J.J. Coyne, C. O. Maltby and F. R. West, represented by Attorneys Irwin and McNamara.”—Bakersfield Californian

June 17, 1916:  “Judge Mahon, sitting in the X- Ray scheelite mine controversy, will view the property in question, a recess having been taken for that purpose.  Reginald E. MacDonald et al is plaintiff and R. A. Drain et all defendant in the case.”—Bakersfield Morning Echo

June 20, 1916: “Atolia, Cal., June 26 –  Court Visits Camp – Judge Mahon of the  Superior Court of Kern  County, Marvin Davis, his clerk, Attorneys Rowen Irwin and Harvey and several others interested in litigation  involving the title to X-Ray Sheelite, a tungsten mine in  the Stringer district,  were here yesterday while Judge Mahon was taking first hand information  regarding the property.

Radiator of Beer—Archie Leonard of Bakersfield, driving to Atolia with some  of the witnesses, ran out of water between here and  Mojave and arrived here with  his radiator filled with beer. Four quarts of the golden brew brought the dodge into this camp in first class  shape.” – The Bakersfield Californian


June 12, 1916: “The Cy Bell-Bibbs-Standard Oil lease came to the front this week when a pay streak of high grade was found that insures big money to the leasers and to Pete Osdick, owner, for some time to come.  The vein was encountered several days ago and continues work shows that it goes to depth.”—Bakersfield Californian


June 14, 1916: “I. A. Felter, who has a very promising lease in the flat adjoining Atolia, arrived in Taft last night.  He expects to return to his diggings after transacting some business.”—Bakersfield Californian


November 20, 1917: The American British Corporation, under the aggressive management of F. J. Abbott, is operating five tungsten properties with exceptionally good prospects of winning out in all of them.”—Bakersfield Californian


November 20, 1917:  “Mr. McGovern, westerly from Union No. 1, of the Atolia Mining Company, is cross cutting with machine drills at a depth of about 200 feet.”–Bakersfield Californian


November 20, 1917: “W. M. Keeling & Co., southeasterly from Union No. 1, is working a good scheelite prospect.”—Bakersfield Californian


July 10, 1915: “SCHEELITE UNCOVERED IN RANDSBURG MINE—Over 5 inches of 50 per cent scheelite was disclosed on the B. S. Mining Company property in the Randsburg district this week and work of sinking and drifting is in progress.  Over two tons of ore are on the dump and the leasers will have a million in a few weeks.” – The Bakersfield Californian


November 20, 1917: “S. E. Veriallyea has some leasers on his ground below the Wickard group.  Scheelite should be found on this claim.” — Bakersfield Californian


November 20, 1917: “THE AMERICAN BRITISH CORPORATION under the aggressive management of F. J. Abbott, is operating five tungsten properties with exceptionally good prospects of winning out in all of them.” — Bakersfield Californian


November 20, 1917: “MR. McGOVERN WESBERLY from Union No. 1 of the Atolia Mining Company, is cross cutting with machine drills at a depth of 200 feet. ” — Bakersfield Californian


November 20, 1917: “MR. RADCLIFF has a ball mill and tables treating tungsten ore from his ground, and several leasers of Val Schmidt’s ground are accruing a good scheelite production.” — Bakersfield Californian


January 8, 1917:  “MINING CLAIM FILED—Elizabeth Collbaugh claim, about 3 ½ miles south of Randsburg, Randsburg District.” – Bakersfield Californian


January 8, 1917:  “MINING CLAIM FILED –Mary E. Howard  — Mary Ella claim, about 3 ½ miles south of Randsburg, Randsburg District. ” – Bakersfield Californian


January 21, 1918:  “Location Notices –E. J. Emmons and W. H. Sides –Iron Sides claim 5 miles south of Randsburg, Randsburg District.” – Bakersfield Californian


January 21, 1918: “Location Notices –Fred C. Fricke and Joel L. Skiles –Apex, Rand District.” –Bakersfield Californian


April 19, 1916:  ”The Randsburg Tungsten Mining Company, composed of Randsburg business men and miners is to put up a crushing and concentrating plant on its holdings in the Stringer district near the Kern-San Bernardino line on the Randsburg-Atolia road.” –Bakersfield Californian

December 01, 1916: “WEEKLY NEWS LETTER OF CORPORATION COMMISSION Randsburg Tungsten Mines Co. Phoenix. Capitalization $1,000,000. Par value $1.00.” – The Coconino Sun

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