February 11, 1896: “MESSERS SWARTHOUT, KUFFLE AND RICHARDS, owners of rich diggings at Goler, have a shaft down forty feet showing a good body of rich ore, about three miles from the Rand Mine.” – The Californian
February 18, 1896: “MESSERS SWARTHOUT, KUFFLE AND RICHARDS. are now down sixty-nine feet with their shaft on the Black Hawk and the eight and ten inch stringers of rich ore which have heretofore been separated by prophery have now come together and they now have a solid four-foot pay streak with eighteen inches of ore that yields three grains of gold to the ounce by actual weight, or $3200 per ton.” – The Californian
April 29, 1896: “SWARTHOUT & CO., completed a very satisfactory run at the Garlock’s mill last Sunday.” – The Californian
1896: “BLACK HAWK MINE, (quartz) – It is 3 miles S. E. of Randsburg, at 3000’ altitude. There are three parallel veins a short distance apart, each about 18” wide, and dipping 50 degrees East. The development consists of a 100’ shaft on the vein, and a 150’ drift on the 60’ level. D. C. Kuffel of Randsburg, owner.” – California State Mining Bureau, 13th Report of the State Mineralogist for the 2 Years Ending September 15, 1896
January 3, 1897: “THE BLACKHAWK, now standing idle, but with one shaft 100 and another one fifty feet, from which ore was taken that milled $82 from one shipment and $71.50 from another, lies southeast of Randsburg about two miles and is owned by J. C. Wilson of Mojave, Richards, Kuffel and Lancaster. Work will soon be resumed, as it was stopped through no defect in the mine.” – Los Angeles Daily Times
January 17, 1897: “THE BLACKHAWK GROUP owned by a company headed by W. C. Wilson of Mojave and Clyde Kuffel, postmaster at Randsburg, has produced some of the richest ore found in the camp, and is considered a bonanza to its owners.” – San Francisco Call
May 1897: “LISTED IN THE OVERLAND as one of the producing mines of the Rand District in March of 1897. It was discovered September 14, 1895. The owners were listed as A. A. Nixon, C. S. Richards, C. D. Kuffel, and L. A. Swarthout. Total milling by March of 1897 was $8,000 and the shaft was 100 feet deep.” – Overland Magazine
April 22, 1898: “WORK HAS AGAIN BEEN RESUMED on the Black Hawk, which has been in litigation for a year or more. The mine is now owned by Wilson, Kuffel, & Richards and they are working twenty men and running three shifts.” — The Los Angeles Daily Times
April 25, 1898: “SEVERAL MEN ARE AT WORK on the Blackhawk mine taking out ore, and a milling is soon expected.” – The Herald
May 09, 1898: “A LARGE SHIPMENT OF BLACKHAWK ORE is being treated at the mill at Cuddeback Lake. At a recent mill run at the Eureka mill a 204-ton lot went $250 dollars. The owners were agreeably disappointed, as they expected it would go about $40 per ton. It has been reported that they have been offered $15,000 for a quarter interest in this mine, but have refused to take it.”– The Herald
May 15, 1898: “THE OPHIR MILL, at Cuddyback Lake, has a thirty-day run of Blackhawk ore. – The Herald
May 27, 1898: “THE BLACK HAWK is working two shifts of men and taking out some very good ore, which mills from $30 to $40 per ton.” — The Los Angeles Daily Times
July 18, 1898: “A RICH STRIKE is reported on an extension of the Black Hawk, with some very coarse gold, but the owners seem desirous of keeping it quiet.” — The Los Angeles Daily Times
July 24, 1898: “EUREKA GOLD MINING AND MILLING COMPANY. Principal place of business, Randsburg. Directors—Albert W. Collins, Adolph J. Peters, Ed. Hammond, Jr., Randsburg; Edward S. Ely, Chicago, and Joseph W. Cummin. New York City. Capita] stock, $300,000; amount subscribed, $400,000.” – The Record Union
August 6, 1898: “A VEIN OF COURSE GOLD has been discovered in the Black Hawk mine in Randsburg, and though it is difficult to obtain particulars the strike is known to be a rich one.” –Corona Courier
August 10, 1898: “A NEW STRIKE was made a few days ago at the Blackhawk mine In a drift at the 70 –foot level. A one-foot ledge, running $50 to the ton, was uncovered. ” – The Herald
September 02, 1898: “THE FIRST OF THE WEEK the Blackhawk people encountered a strong ledge of high grade ore in the crosscut from the drift of the shaft on the line between the Blackhawk and the O. K. mines. The ore ran up into the hundreds per ton, and the afternoon after the strike was made three tons were placed upon the dump. A few tons of this ore will make their bank account heavy and will enable them to push development work on the mine. In another shaft they have a good body of ore, and beginning with the first of the month they expect to have a large milling at the Johannesburg reduction works. This week an old dump was hauled to the mill atCuddeback Lake for treatment.” – The Herald
September 10, 1898: “RANDSBURG AS A MINING CAMP, is reported to have never looked as well and so prosperous as at present. The Randsburg Miner says “Rand mines are producing better than ever. The Little Butte is every day showing greater values, with the deepest shaft and workings in the district. The Kinyon, Wedge, and Butte are holding their own, and making their owners rich, and now comes the Black Hawk with a body of very rich ore, taking out hundreds of dollars a day.”” –Corona Courier
October 03, 1898: “GOOD ORE IS STILL BEING TAKEN out of the Blackhawk, and this week a run of about fifty tons was made at the Johannesburg mill, and netted a gold brick valued at something over $1000.” – The Herald
June 12, 1899: “CHARLIE KOEHN HAS MADE ARRANGEMENTS and has begun the milling of 350 tons of ore from the Winnie dump as well as what he takes out of the mine at the Black Hawk.” –Corona Courier
August 5, 1899: “AT THE O. K. MINE, one of the Black Hawk Group, the shaft is now down 187 feet. At a depth of sixty-five feet a drift was run ninety-five feet east, tapping a vein of milling ore two feet in width.
At the Black Hawk they are down 111 feet. A report from than mine states that from the bottom of the shaft is a drift to the west 125 feet. In this drift at 100 feet, is a cross-cut fifty feet each way, making 225 feet of drifting. They are starting and up raise at 100 feet, at the cross-cut of the drift.” –Corona Courier
August 14, 1899: “RANDSBURG STRIKE – Mr. A. W. Collins reports an important strike in the O. K. No. 1, one of the Black Hawk Group of mines in this district. The strike was made in the winze, as a depth of 29 feet, starting from the 100 foot in the drift, which latter is now 125 feet. The strike showed an 18 inch vein of ore which runs $15 to the ton. About a ton of ore was taken from the winze. –Mining Review.” –Bakersfield Californian
October 7, 1899: “CAPT. COLLINS OF THE BLACKHAWK had several fine views taken of the Black Hawk and O. K. mines Thursday.” –Randsburg Miner
December 18, 1899: “MR. A. W. COLLINS OF THE BLACK HAWK and O. K. mines, has been sinking for water near Cuddeback Lake, and at a depth of about forty feet has eighteen inches of water. When sufficient to justify doing so the capacity of the Black Hawk will be enlarged.” –Bakersfield Californian
January 30, 1900: “THE BLACK HAWK mill and mine have closed down.” — Los Angeles Herald
March 17, 1900: “SOME NEW AND IMPORTANT WATER strikes are reported made in the Rand district during the past two weeks. Captain A. W. Collins of the Black Hawk group of mines near Randsburg is down 148 feet in the well he is drilling on the east slope of the Red Mountain. At that depth a big flow of water was struck and a pump will be put in so as to control the water.” –Corona Courier
March 24, 1900: “RANDSBURG IS SUFFERING for a lack of water. The Yellow Aster has shut down half its stamps. Capt. Colson, owner of the Black Hawk mine has developed a large amount of water between Garlock and Randsburg and will pipe it to the latter place. With this outlook, the Yellow Aster has decided to add thirty stamps more to its mill, making the number sixty. Capt. Colson will also put up a thirty-stamp mill at his mine.” –Corona Courier
August 20, 1900: “SOME OF THE MILLS have been shut down this week on account of scarcity of water and the cyanide works at the Black Hawk have had to quit work for a time. As soon as the new pump is in place and pumping begun on the Yellow Aster’s new wells at Garlock, all this will be remedied to the great advantage of our camp—Miner” –Bakersfield Californian
December 8, 1900: “THE CYANIDE PLANT at the Black Hawk mine is to be moved up to the Little Butte mine and the tailings worked up.” — Randsburg Miner
1902: “BLACK HAWK GROUP – 140 shaft, 2000, ft. drifts, 5 stamp mill ran by 25 horse steam engine. Owned by Eureka Gold Mining and Milling Company. Included O.K. NO.1, O.K. NO.2 claims.” — Register of Mines and Minerals, San Bernardino County, 1902
January 14, 1903: “SHERIFF’S SALE—Notice of real estate under execution.
D. A. Blue, Plaintiff, Vs. Eureka Gold Mining and Milling Company, a corporation, defendant.
By virtue of an execution issued out of the Superior Court of the County of Kern, State of California, wherein D. A. Blue is plaintiff, and Eureka Gold Mining and Milling Company, a corporation, is defendant, in the sum of twenty-three hundred twenty-eight and 68/100 ($2328.66) dollars. United States Gold Coin, besides costs and interest. I have this day levied upon all of the right, title, claim and interest of said defendant, Eureka Gold Mining and Milling Company, a corporation of, in and to the following described real estate, to wit:
All of that certain mine, or mining claim situated in the Randsburg Mining District, County of Kern, State of California, and commonly known as the “O,K.No. 2.” Said claim being 1500 feet in length and 600 feet in width; all that certain mine or mining claim situate, lying and being in the Randsburg, Mining District, County of Kern, State of Californian, and commonly known as the “Black Hawk” mine or mining claim, together with the mill and other improvements situated on said Black Hawk mining claim. Said Black Hawk mining claim being 1500 feet in length and 600 width; the notice of location of said mining claim is in Book 2, page 143, of Mining Records of Summit Mining District, County of Kern, State of California, Also all that certain mine or mining claim, situate lying and being in the Randsburg Mining District, County of Kern, State of California, and commonly known and designated as the “O. K. No. 1, mining claim being 1500 feet in length and 800 feet in width: notice of location which is recorded on October 15th, 1895, in Book 2 at page 148 of the Mining Records of Summit Mining District, County of Kern, State of California, to which said record reference her made.
Public notice is hereby given that I will, on the 10th day of February, A. D.,1903, at 2 o’clock, p. m., of said day, at the front door of the Court House of the County of Kern, State of California, sell at public auction for United States Gold Coin, all the right, title, claim and interest of said defendant, Eureka Gold Mining and Milling Company of in and to the above described property, or so much there of as may be necessary to raise sufficient to satisfy said judgment, with interest and costs, etc. , to the highest and best bidder.
J. W. KELLY
By T. A. Baker, Deputy
Dated January 14th, 1903.—Bakersfield Daily Californian
February 14, 1903: “THE RANDSBURG MINER SAYS that several mining deals hav» recently taken place in Randsburg. The Keno and Faro mines have been sold to A. L». Morris of Los Angeles. The San Diego and Rustler claims have been purchased by A. C. Burcham. .The St. Elmo mine Is now owned by former Senator Dorsey and his associates, they having purchased it some weeks ago.” – San Francisco Call
May 21, 1904: “MAMIE BARTON has commenced an action against Albert W. Collins, and Hattie C. Collins to foreclose a mortgage for $2000, with interest, costs, and attorney fees. The property involved is Black Hawk mining claim and a five stamp mill. G. P. Adams is attorney for the plaintiff.—Echo.” –Randsburg Miner
April 6, 1913: “RANDSBURG, APRIL 5. –D. A. BLUE OWNER OF THE BLACKHAWK GROUP of mines comprising seven claims, three miles south of Randsburg, has been developing the property during the past six months. These mines have produced more than $200,000 in bullion in the past, but even now are only partially developed.
One large specimen on exhibition at the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce assayed $5059 to the ton. These ledges from five to eight feet in width traverse this property, with numerous veins of high grade ore which have been traced on the surface. A new whim has been put up to facilitate its extraction.
A five-stamp mill is on the property and a number of houses. The mill will be equipped with electric power in the near future. During the production period three men kept this the mill running day and night on ore averaging $18 to the ton. One man extracted 19 tons in seven days, which milled $1600. With the installation of economical power the record will be broken.” –Bakersfield Morning Echo
1915: “BLACK HAWK GROUP, consists of 130 acres, in the Rand district, 2 ½ miles southwest of Johannesburg. Owner, D. A. Blue, of Randsburg. Three veins, designated as South, North and Grey Eagle. Workings consist of four shafts, from 70 to 130 feet deep, and 4000 feet of drifts. Country rock is schist. Mine equipment consists of two horse-whims, blacksmith shop and cabins. A 5-stamp mill on Black Hawk claim constitutes the reduction equipment. Water obtained from Randsburg Water Company, through 3 miles of 1-inch pipe. Three men employed. Placer deposits on Grey Eagle, One and Two Track claims, which owner states runs $6 per ton in free gold and $2.50 in tungsten. Small producer.” – G. Chester Brown
March 10, 1915: “MINING NEWS FROM RANDSBURG DISTRICT. – Randsburg, March 9. – D. A. Blue has one of the richest mining propositions in the Randsburg section, a dark blue quartz shot through with large coarse grains of gold. Recently Blue pounded out by hand $84 worth of gold in a few hours, and he has a large amount of the picture rock.
The property is situated on the east side of the Stringer District, seven claims in all, part placer ground.
The rich placer ground adjoins to Black Hawk mine and with the Placer Gold Company and Paugh’s property over 5, 330,000 cubic yards of gravel are now available. A mill test of 60 tons of gravel gave returns of $6 in gold and 9 ounces of 60 per cent tungsten to the yard.”—Bakersfield Morning Echo
April 19, 1915: “BLACK HAWK—The Black Hawk mine is producing some wonderful ore. D. A. Blue recently encountered a streak of ore that is shot full of gold. From five pounds of ore he horned out $118 in gold. Adjoining the Black Hawk lies several placer claims, and it is rumored that a party of Los Angeles mining men have seen the property and will buy it in a few days.”—Bakersfield Californian
April 23, 1915: “THE BLACK HAWK PROPERTY, owned and worked by D. A. Blue of this city, is by far one of the richest properties to be found anywhere. Only a few days ago he pounded out by hand, in a few hours, $64 in gold, and from the large amount of picture rock Mr. Blue showed us, we will vouch that he can do the same any time. The ore is a dark blue quartz, shot through and through with large coarse, grains of gold. The property is situated on the east side of the Stringer district, seven claims in all, part placer ground. The shaft is down 125 feet and drifting west is in progress where a six-inch vein has been encountered carrying $300 values; about 25 feet north of this 4 feet of $20 ore has been encountered and as yet no sign of the hanging wall has been noticed.The Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce received samples of ore form the mine and returns of $5053.26 were received. Ore of the same richness was sent to the San Francisco and San Diego fairs.
The rich placer ground adjoins the Black Hawk mine and with the Placer Gold Co. and Pagh’s property, over 6,336,000 cubic yards of gravel are now available. A mill test of 50 tons of gravel gave returns of $6 in gold and 3 ozs of 60 per cent tungsten to the yard.” — Randsburg Miner
June 16, 1915: “L. E. PORTER AND CAPT. COLLINS, both mining experts, were looking at the Black Hawk mine and getting samples. Should the tests prove favorable it is expected the mine will be purchased by these men.” –Bakersfield Morning Echo
December 12, 1915: “EIGHT TONS FROM THE BLACK HAWK netted D. A. Blue $2,000 at the Red Dog mill, says the miner.” –Bakersfield Californian
October 3, 1921: “BLACK HAWK CLEANS UP – An active and general cleaning up of the old workings is in progress under the new management of the Black Hawk mine. A crew from the San Francisco Diamond Drill company is operating on Black Hawk holdings near the California Rand Silver estate.” – Bakersfield Californian
November 20, 1917: “THE BLACK HAWK GROUP recently acquired by the Yellow Aster Company, has electrical equipment for hoist, compressor and lights. The main shaft has been sunk 150 feet deeper. Greater production of ore will follow this development. ” — Bakersfield Californian
August 19, 1922: “THE PITTSBURG & MOUNT SHASTA Gold Mining & Milling Co. of Randsburg has started a new shaft recently within 100 ft. of the north end line of its property, where it adjoins that of the Rand Silver King, Inc.” — Engineering and Mining Journal
February 27, 1923: “A new residence is being built near the Black Hawk No. 2, whether for one of the officials or an employee will have to be ascertained later on.” – Bakersfield Californian
October 13, 1923: THE BLACK HAWK IS SENDING OUT ONE OF ITS $1600 gold bricks by today’s express; the result of a test milling from a new find on Operator Divides Phoenix mine, made its way to the mint this week.”—Bakersfield Californian
January 28, 1924: “GOLD STRIKE IN BLACKHAWK MINE—Many old Properties at Randsburg Could Be Made to Pay. By Jo P. Carroll—Randsburg, Jan. 28.—An excellent gold strike has been made in the “Four Track” claim of the Pittsburg-Mount Shasta holdings, better known as the Black Hawk. The strike was made on the 100-foot level, N. W. heading to the”stringer” part of the district and directly towards the Vienna mine. The rock is a sort of blue sulphide, carrying good assays in iron, showing the free told a-plenty. There is a 3-foot vein with better that a 12-inch vein of high grade ore running is plating as well as $50 to the ton. Assays worth from the rich streak return $1450, $840, and $600.—Bakersfield Californian
February 8, 1924: “SELDOM SEEN SLIM TREKS BACK TOWARD RANDSBURG DISTRICT—Randsburg, Feb. 8.—After enjoying the life of the big city for many months a well-known “desert rat” sends the following to one of the local prospectors, Charles Forge, better known as Seldom Seen Slim:
“Have been thinking of you pretty strong for the past few months, have learned yesterday through the assay office that they make another strike near the California Rand mine. I will be up to see you soon. Look around for a claim and have it staked out at my expense. See that it will be so we can build a road to it. See that the road won’t be a very big expense. I may be up Thursday of Friday and not later than Sunday. Am going to drive up. Have a place for me. Am alone.”
The strike referred to was on the Black Hawk, that still holds up good milling ore on the new 3-foot vein of free milling gold ore.”—Bakersfield Californian
March 1925: “FOLLOWING THE SILVER DISCOVERY IN 1919, the Pittsburg and Mr. Shasta Mining Company sank a shaft in the northeast part of their holdings about 2400 feet south of the California Rand No. 2 shaft. This shaft is vertical, of 2 compartments and 700 feet deep. Schist was struck at a depth of 140 feet.
A crosscut was driven from the bottom of the shaft for 450 feet to the west but intersected no veins. A crosscut to the east 315 feet in length cut through two veins, one at the face, 4 feet wide, striking northeast and dipping 70 degrees east, carrying a trace of silver; the other a 1 ½ foot brecciated zone, without any siliceous vein matter, but carrying a trace of gold and silver, which strikes N. 20 degrees, dipping 55 degrees SE.
Work was discontinued in the new shaft in 1923. The Blackhawk Mine is operated in a small way.The Total Production from the Black Hawk has been in the neighborhood of $350,000.Following the silver discovery in 1919, the Pittsburg and Mr. Shasta Mining Company sank a shaft in the northeast part of their holdings about 2400 feet south of the California Rand No. 2 shaft. This shaft is vertical, of 2 compartments and 700 feet deep. Schist was struck at a depth of 140 feet.” — Hulin
April 3, 1926: NEW STRIKE OF RICH ORE MADE IN SOUTH RAND—Free Gold and Silver Values Uncovered.—Breaking into high-grade ore miners on the Black Hawk property in the south Rand district made a strike yesterday, according to reports from Leonard Lohr, superintendent of the Silver Basin Mining Company. The Black Hawk shaft is about 200 feet from the end lines of the Silver Basin.
The strike was made in the gray schist, peculiar to the Big Silver mine, owned by the California Rand Silver, Inc., and it is similar to the rich strike made on the Silver Glance property at 875 feet in depth. Free gold is speckled through the vein, and silver values are also indicated.”—Bakersfield Californian
April 1926: “BLACK HAWK STRIKE—Important Discovery Reported from Gold Belt in Randsburg District – Proves Theory That Enriched Zone Exits Beneath Impoverished Area – May Usher In New Era. An important strike has just been made at the Black Hawk mine of Rand Hawk Mining Co., a subsidiary of Pittsburgh & Mount Shasta Gold Mining & Milling Co., in the Randsburg district, about three quarters of a mile south of the California Rand Silver, in the gold belt, which runs northwest and southeast. The strike supports the theory held by many mining engineers acquainted with the district that deeper work will uncover an enriched zone below the impoverished area which seems to exist around the 250-foot horizon in the gold veins of the camp.
SIX FEET OF GOOD ORE—A. B. Hall, who has been interested in the district for nearly a quarter of a century, and who is now reopening the St. Elmo mine, about three miles south of the Black Hawk property, says that the strike was made in the old Black Hawk shaft, which has recently been carried from the 250 to the 400-foot level. A crosscut at the latter depth, run west about 40 feet, has intersected a six-foot vein, averaging $30 gold and a few ounces of silver across its full width. Up until the time Mr. Hall left the camp last Tuesday, drifts had been carried for approximately twenty-five feet on the vein, without showing any diminution in size or values.
CONTROLLED IN PITTSBURGH—The Pittsburgh and Mount Shasta Gold Mining & Milling Co. and its subsidiary, Rand Hawk, are controlled by Pittsburgh capital, the stock being closely held. The parent company was incorporated in West Virginia in 1903 with a capital of $2,500.000 in dollar shares, which was increased to $500,000,000 in 1921 at the time the Black Hawk property was acquired. The company also owns the Bennington group, in Shasta County north of Redding, and the Allegheny group in the same vicinity.
CONSISTENT SMALL PRODUCER—After acquiring the Black Hawk property, the company sank a main shaft to the 700-foot level in the hop of picking up the extension of the California Rand Silver vein system which trends northerly and southerly, but the work proved unsuccessful. Meanwhile production in a small way was maintained from three parallel gold veins developed by six or seven shafts, the deepest of which was the Black Hawk, which has since been extended to the 400 foot level. The property is equipped with electric power, three hoists and five stamp mill, water for the latter being pumped form the 700- foot shaft.
MAY MEAN NEW ERA – The strike has caused considerable excitement and much satisfaction in the district and it is believed will lead to deeper development in several directions. It is pointed out by those acquainted with the history that little if any capital has been expended that has not been created by mines that have produced from the surface. In this case, the management has often been urged to go deeper, but until recently did not believe the mining chance sufficiently attractive to warrant the expense.
DEEPER MINING JUSTIFIED –Mr. Hall, who has seen the new ore for himself, says that the strike is one of the most important in the entire history of the Randsburg district and will undoubtedly lead to increased interest in the gold belt. The work of San Francisco Gold Mining Co. has also been of the utmost importance and the recent strike will in all probability lead deeper to more active operations on the Silver Basin property adjoining the Black Hawk. Altogether, Mr. Hall says the outlook in the old Randsburg district has not been as bright since the excitement which immediately followed discovery of the sensational surface showing of Rand Silver, which has since become the fifth producer in the United States.” Southwest Mining News Service
May 13, 1926: “AT THE 450-FOOT LEVEL in the Black Hawk a wide vein of $36 ore has been blocked out in the sulphides. The large quantity in sight has prompted the company, according to Dan McCormick, superintendent and engineer in charge, to replace the five-stamp mill now in operation with new machinery of larger capacity.” – Bakersfield Californian
1957: A WET PROCESS DREDGE MOVED TO THE BLACK HAWK, commencing yet another phase in the life of the Black Hawk, chasing gold, silver and tungsten from the placer deposits on the lower eastern slope of the property. – RDM