G. B. MINE

Survey number:      Owner:      Date of discovery:

SUMMARY:

1962:  THE G. B. MINE IS LOCATED at the center of sec. 1, T30S, R40E, MDM, Rand district 1 ¼ miles southeast of Randsburg adjacent to a paved county road. There is one claim, developed by 4 main shafts and other access shafts, numerous open cuts and stopes. Deepest shaft is next to road at north end of claim. It extends 260 feet down a 55 degree incline to the northeast. Most extensive levels are the 85- and 165-foot levels which have about 1000 feet of drifts. Principal mining was done 1896-1910 and 1938 –41.  – Mines and Minerals of Kern County California, California Division of Mines and Geology, County Report 1

CHRONOLOGY:

June 11, 1896:  “NEWS FROM RANDSBURG—The Times Index gives the following information direct from Randsburg:

“No section of Southern California is attracting more attention from miners and prospectors just at present time than Randsburg. Randsburg is located on the line between Kern and San Bernardino counties and the first important discoveries there was the properties in which Mr. Burcham of this city, is interested and in relation to which there has been some litigation resulting in that gentleman’s favor. There are other San Bernardino people interested there. Among them are Gen. McComb and R. A. Powers both well-known and experienced prospectors and miners. R. A. Powers in a letter to Thomas McFarlane of this city enclosed a map of the district showing the location of the principal mines. He says that there are over 100 claims recorded within a radius of five miles. Only the principal mines are being worked. From all reports it seems to be a combination camp. There are quartz veins and the entire surface ground carries gold and dry washers are in successful operation everywhere. Mr. McFarlean, who returned from there are a short since, says that it is the best poor man’s camp he ever saw outside of Calico. There are rich pockets and the veins are strong and well mineralized. Mr. McFarlane has permitted us to make use of the following extract from a private letter written by Mr. Powers:

“According to promise, will give you a crude description of the mines here and their situation; “Tis no hallucination nor chimerical fancy that prompts me to tell you that this camp (both side of the county line) presents the best top showing for gold mines—in size, richness and extent—that has ever been my good fortune to see. New strikes are reported here every day, and mines in course of development verify the most extravagant opinions expressed in regard to their probable outcome. The ore being milled here from several mines has run from $50 to $500 per ton. No discount on that; ‘til a bona fide, knock-down argument with no appeal to a higher court. There actually seems to be a wave of prosperity permeation the atmosphere in this section and San Bernardino is represented in the biggest half. Tell the people in there to awake from their slumbers shake off the lethargy that seems to envelope them and show some disposition to encourage the development of the great mineral resources of this region. Kern County is making big strides in this direction, and will eventually secure the plum while the imperial county is lying back under a pumpkin vine, figuratively sucking its thumb.’”  — Los Angeles Daily Times

September 15, 1896:  “G. B. MINE (quartz) – It is a recent discovery in the desert, near the Blackhawk, 2 ½ miles S. E. of Randsburg, at 3,200’ elevation. A 30’ shaft exposes a 3’ vein of quartz enclosed in diorite, and dipping, and dipping 45 degrees N. E. Richard Powers, et al, of Randsburg, owners.”  – California State Mining Bureau, Thirteenth Report of the State Mineralogist for the Two Years Ending September 15, 1896.

January 3, 1897: “THE G. B. IN THE SAME LOCALITY is owned by Powers, McComb and McCormack, who have done considerable work developing it, having one shaft down 50 feet. The ore is of a good quality and pays for the work done.” — Los Angeles  Daily Times

April 1, 1897: “THE OWNERS OF THE G.B. on the Kramer road, have milled ninety tons recently which went $20 per ton. The vein of ore runs from two to four and a half feet and is easily worked. It is owned by Powers, McCormack, and McCombs.”  – Los Angeles Daily Times

August 29, 1897: “The G. B. mine, one mile south of Randsburg, has been bonded to Frank Cole by Dick Powers, John McCormick and Gen McComb. Mr. Cole will commence work on it about the 1st of September.” – The Herald

September 20, 1897: “The G. B. mine at Randsburg has been bonded by Frank Cole of this city. Mr.
Cole has begun development work upon the property.”  — The Herald

September 20, 1897: “A cyanide plant is to be erected upon the mine owned by the Gold Bug Mining Company of Randsburg.” – The Herald

October 11, 1897:  “A rich body of ore has been opened up in the G. B. mine, bonded a few weeks ago by Messrs. Cole & Hough. The ledge is from two to three feet wide and horns well, an assay of the pay streak going $510 per ton.” – The Herald

October 18, 1897:  “WORK ON THE G. B. MINE, recently leased and bonded of Messrs. McCormick, McCombs, and Powers by Frank Cole, is going forward. Two shafts have been sunk, and at the 60 foot level both, drifts are being run each way in a three and a half foot vein of ore that mills from $17 to $25. It is to make an output of about thirty tons a day.”  – Daily Californian

October 25, 1897: “THE G. B. IS NOW DOWN 125 FEET, and is taking out ten tons of $40 rock per day. The vein runs from two to four feet, and with three shifts working in the shaft and two shifts stoping, things are lively at the camp. The ore is being milled at the dry concentrator and at Smith & Maxon’s mill at Garlock.”  – Daily Californian

October 25, 1897:  “Work on the G. B. mine at Randsburg, Kern County, recently leased and bonded of Messrs McCormick, McCombs and Powers by Frank Cole of this city, is going forward. Two shafts have been sunk and at the sixty foot level in both drifts are being run each way in a three and a half foot vein of ore that mills from $17 to $25.” — The Herald

October 30, 1897:  “The G. B. mine is fast pushing its way to the front rank of paying mines in the Rand district. This claim is opened up by a 100-foot shaft, with drifts, and at present fourteen men are employed. One hundred tons of ore have just been sent to the Smith stamp mill at Garlock, and the dry concentrator of this place (Johannesburg) is at work on another lot.” – The Herald

November 17, 1897: “James B. Freeman, the Inventor of Freeman’s Dry Concentrator, feels confident that he will succeed in placing several machines on the Hard Cash mine at Randsburg. In a recent test made of some of the ore In the presence of a number of mining men of this city the machines saved over 85 per cent of the value of the ore. The concentrates went about $650 per ton and all of those present pronounced the trial an unqualified success. The Hard Cash people announce their intention of having this or some other concentrator at work on their properties by the end of the year.” – The Herald

November 23, 1897: The Garlock and Smith mills at Garlock are pounding away this week on G. B. ore. On Wednesday another rich strike was made at that mine, the ore is running in the neighborhood of $100 per ton.” – The Herald
December 6, 1897: “THE G. B. MINE  is milling considerable ore of good quality.”  – Los Angeles Daily Times

December 7, 1897:  “F. A. HUNTINGTON, the manufacturer of the rotary quartz mill, arrived in town on Sunday from San Francisco accompanied by J. S. Miller of that city. J.C. Ezzellle, a mining man from El Paso, Texas, who is associated with Mr. Huntington, met these gentlemen here on the invitation of Frank Cole, to look over the G.B. mine, which property they inspected and were so favorable impressed with it that they have taken a bond on it, $60,000 being the consideration named. Development work on this property will be pushed and if the mine shows up as expected a quartz mill well be erected to work the ore.”  — Daily Californian

December 19, 1897:  “Fifty tons of ore from the G. B. mine, Randsburg. have been milled at the Pioneer mill, and the tailings were sent to Kane Springs cyanide works last week to make a test run.” –The Herald

December 26, 1897: “J. C. Ezzelli of El Paso has bonded the G. B. mine at Randsburg or $60,000. Development work will be pushed, and if results warrant it a stamp mill will be erected later. ” – San Francisco Call

December 26, 1897: “Work on the G. B. mine at Randsburg. Kern County, recently leased and bonded of Messrs McCormick, McCombsand Powers by Frank Cole of this city, is going forward. Two shafts have been sunk and at the sixty foot level in both drifts are being run each way in a three and a half foot vein of ore that mills from $17 to $25.”  – San Francisco Call

December 18, 1897: “WORK ON THE PINMORE which has been carried on extensively for some time has been suspended. The same is true for the G. B.”  — Los Angeles Daily Times

January 08, 1898: “Chas. A. Koehn, owner of the Kane Springs mill, Is here negotiating for the purchase of the G. B. Mine, owned by Messrs. Cole & Huff. He is also negotiating for the purchase of the cyanide works at Kane Springs.” – The Herald

May 09, 1898: “The G. B. mine will soon have a milling of ore at the Johannesburg Reduction.”– The Herald

September 18, 1898: “ONE DAY THIS WEEK  the owners of the G. B„ Messrs. McCormick, Powers and McComb, uncovered a two-foot ledge of $50 rock in the north drift of the new shaft. At present the ledge has widened to four feet, and will run from
$25 to $30 per ton. — The Herald

November 12, 1898:  “THE OWNERS OF THE RED DOG MILL at Johannesburg, Cal. have purchased the G. B. mine in the Stringer district.  This mine was the property of McCormack (sic) Powers, and McComb, and a great deal of work has been done on it.  The new owners will put on a force of eight or ten men at once, and planned to take our ore.  The ore body is large, but not of a high grade.  It is rich enough, however, to make it a very valuable property.” –Corona Courier

October 7, 1899: “WORK ON THE  G. B. has been suspended for a time.” –Randsburg Miner

January 16, 1904: “MESSRS. WALTON AND FITTING who are leasing on the G. B. had a mill run this week.”  — Randsburg Miner

May 21, 1904:  “McCORMICK, NEBEKER AND SANDERSON had a milling of 12 tons at Snow’s Mill this week which resulted in a $4,200 clean up.”  — Randsburg Miner

January 1904: Reports that the G. B. is developed by only a 60 foot shaft and no reported owner.  — Aubrey

April 5, 1906: “C. H. SNOW HAS RETURNED to Randsburg and has bought the two-stamp mill in Fiddler’s Gulch and is fitting it up. He and several other parties have leased the G.B. mine and will mill their own ore.”  — Randsburg Miner

August 27, 1906: “A MILLING of 12 ½ tons from the G. B. mine went through Snow’s Mill the first of the week which went $26 to the ton.”  — Randsburg Miner

June 27, 1907: “McCORMICK & O’LEARY have also had a recent milling from the G. B. mine, but the exact amount we did not learn.”   — Randsburg Miner

LETTER IN THE McCORMICK FAMILY COLLECTION

COURTESY OF BARBARA McCORMICK

Hotel Abbott, 19th & Curtis St.

Denver, Colo., July 31st, 1906

D. J. McCormick,

Atty. In fact

Randsburg, Calif.

Dear Sir:-

For and in behalf of the heirs of R. A. Powers deceased find enclosed, Seventy-six and 70/100 Dollars in payment of assessment for 1905 on “G. B.” and Baston No. 2 Mining Claims Rand Mining District Kern Co. Calif. and for forfeiture notice.

This money is paid under protest as the subscriber believed and hopes to prove at the proper time, that the assessment for 1905 was performed in the usual way viz by leasing the property. He also holds you responsible for all rents collected from cabin owned and so long occupied by R. A. Powers.

Mr. Cullen and his cousin promised to attend to this matter at the time I left California. I learned of your action by the merest accident in time to protect the heirs.

I think it a strange proceeding on your part that you never acknowledged a letter of enquiry from an interested party although in private conversation you claimed to be the agent of the property.

The Heirs will perform the necessary work for the year 1906 themselves.

Yours truly,

(Signed Josephine O’Shea)

Sister of deceased,

By D. F. O’Shea (signed D. F. O’Shea)

Her Atty. In fact.

LETTER IN THE McCORMICK FAMILY COLLECTION

COURTESY OF BARBARA McCORMICK

(This letter is written on letter head from the “Office of The District Attorney Los Angeles County” on which Paul J. McCormick is listed as a Deputy.)

Aug. 8, 1906

My dear Father:-

Your favor of the 6th inst. Together with enclosure was duly received this morning per special delivery. I am very disagreeable surprised at the contents of said letter and of the matter contained within the enclosure thereof. While I have not had the time during the day to formulate any definite idea in the premises I have been thinking over the matter somewhat and have reached the conclusion that we had better assume the aggressive in the matter than be put in the attitude of defending a right when he could with equal assert that right.

I have this day wired you not to cash the draft or money order forwarded, presumably, by Josephine O’Shea; and my reasons for so doing are as follows:-

Primarily, I cannot see how our rights can be in any way impaired by refusing the tender, so-called, at this time: and by an acceptance of it we might be deemed to have waived certain right which we have at this time. Of course, under the law of this state, the title to real estate of a deceased person vests, immediately on the death of an ancestor, in the heirs, subject, however, that is to say, for the purposes of protecting the rights of creditors against the deceased, and such matters. But, however, I think it is elementary and well-established that the heirs are vested with the title to real estate immediately upon the death of an ancestor, and that, therefore, administration is not necessary. Of course, in the present case, we do not know who are the heirs of R. A. Powers, and we have no knowledge as to whether or not Josephine O’Shea has or can claim any interest in property left by said Powers on his death. But if she is a lawful heir of said Powers, her interest in his real property attaches at the time of his death, and does not depend on administration of his estate. Therefore, I think the point suggested by you would not be maintained, although I think it would undoubtedly be necessary for administration of Powers’ estate to be had before anyone could legally establish heirship to any of his property.

I would suggest that you write a letter on my behalf, as my agent, to the signer of the notice herewith enclosed, informing him that the tender, so-called, is refused, and specifying in said letter the reasons why said tender is refused. These reasons, or some of them, at least, are:-

  1. That Josephine O’Shea has no authority to make a tender for or on behalf of any of the heirs of R. A. Powers;
  2. That I have no notice that R. A. Powers has any heirs at law.
  3. That the names of the persons for or on behalf of whom the tender purports to be made are not given, and therefore it cannot be determined as to whether they are the lawful heirs of said Powers.
  4. That the money has not been tendered as required by law, and that no payment of money has been made of offered.
  5. That said tender is not an unconditional tender, but is made with a contingency attached, and that said tender contains threats to prove certain matters in the future.
  6. That is not shown that the signers of the so-called tender had any authority to sign the same, or that they or either of them had any interest or has any interest in the property mentioned in the forfeiture notice referred to in said so-called tender.

I assume that the amount mentioned in said letter, to-wit: &76.71, is the correct amount due under the law in this matter; but it is not, of course, you will include this as one of your reasons for refusing to accept the tender, on the ground of the insufficiency of the amount therein.

The law provides in these cases that where a tender is refused the creditor must state the reasons for refusing to accept it, and that he is bound by those reasons for refusing to accept it, and that he is bound by those reasons and them alone. So I would suggest that, in writing to these people, that you make your refusal as full and upon as many grounds as possible.

I would send this letter, together with the money order, to the address in Denver, and on the 13th of this month, or the time at which the statute provides the forfeiture shall occur, I would proceed as if you had never received the letter, and file something of record which would show the record clear in myself and the General, and thus put the burden of overthrowing the record title upon these people who assert a claim, instead of allowing ourselves to be put on the defensive, and bringing a suit against them to quiet title.

After the 13th expires, I will communicate with you more fully as to what action I think we should take. It may be advisable for us, if a sale is probable, as you suggest, to apply for letters of administration ourselves in the estate of Powers, and upon the issuance of same apply to the court for an order for the summary sale of the interest of Powers in and to the mines; and in this way get a decree of court permitting us to sell his interest therein. Of course, this proceeding might be blocked by and appeal on the part of these claimants, which would tie up the mines in litigation and thus prevent us from consummating a sale thereof.

While the thing looks pretty tough at present in view of the appearance of this so-called heir, and in view of his attitude, I am not thoroughly satisfied that we cannot come out all right in the end. But in any event, for the present I would advise action on the lines indicated in this letter, and I trust that it will be intelligible to you and will give you the desired information. You must consider, however, that this opinion is a sort off an off-hand opinion; but it is my judgment as to the best course for us to pursue at present.

I was very glad to hear that you were in good health, notwithstanding these financial set-backs; for it does seem that we are up against it in this “G. B. “property at every turn of the road.

I have never had time to write you in regard to the paint matter; but I herewith enclose a bill, which shows that the amount has been paid in full.

Hoping to hear from you soon, I remain,

Your Loving Son,

Signed (Paul J. McCormick) “`

LETTER IN THE McCORMICK FAMILY COLLECTION

COURTESY OF BARBARA McCORMICK

Randsburg August 11th, 1906

Mr. D. F. O’Shea

Dear Sir, In reply to yours of July 31st, – I will state, that for and in behalf of, and as agent and attorney in fact , of Paul J. McCormick, I hereby refuse and return your post-office order for seventy six and 70/100 dollars, and I do so for all the following reasons.

1stThat Josephine o Shea has no authority to make a tender for or on behalf of any of the Heirs of R. A. Powers.

2nd That I have no notice that R. A. Powers has any Heirs at Law.

3rd that the names of the persons for or on behalf of whom the tender purports to be made are not given and therefore it cannot be determined as to whether they are the lawful Heirs of said Powers.

4th That the money has not been tendered as required by law, and that no payment of money has been made or offered.

5ht That said tender is not an unconditional tender but is made with a contingency attached and that said tender contains threats to prove certain matters in the future.

6th That said tender being for 76, 70/100 dollars in not sufficient.

7th That it is not shown that the signers of the so called tender had any authority to sign the same or they or either of them had any interest or has, and interest in the property mentioned in the forfeiture notice referred to in said so-called tender.

8th That if the late R. A. Powers, had, or has any Heirs, they have had ample time in which to make good their legal standing since the fifteenth day of last February.

Enclosed find your P.O. Order.

LETTER IN THE McCORMICK FAMILY COLLECTION

COURTESY OF BARBARA McCORMICK

Midway KY, Aug. 9, 1908

Friend Mc.

Yours of July 7 was duly noted? Was glad to hear you are well and holding your own.

I take a San Bernardino paper, and in looking it over came across the enclosed slip; a few days previous to this effort, I saw where the Fremont Peak Co. had concluded to let a few of their friends in on a good thing. They advertised they would sell 150,000 Shares at ten cents per share in order to let their friends in on a paying investment, as they, (The Company) “did not want the earth” I lad the paper aside intending to send it to you but someone took it up. So can only send you the Engineers, or The Experts reports, so you can see has these Easterners are caught, it is good for them, it divides up the money, and it may be that you will get hold of some of it indirectly, hope you may. I had a heck of a time with my belly about two weeks ago, could knock out the black ten feet away, but am all right now, able to eat my allowance, and to control my puckering string.

Your Sincere Friend,

(W. D. McComb)

LETTER IN THE McCORMICK FAMILY COLLECTION

COURTESY OF BARBARA McCORMICK

Midway Ky. July 5, 1911

Judge Paul J. McCormick

Los Angeles, Cal.

Dear Paul,

Yours of the 22nd of June was duly noted. I went to the Notary Publics Office and signed the papers you send, and the Notary told me would forward them to you at once. I suppose they have come to hand by this time as last. I do sincerely hope that your Father will make money out of the mine, and I believe he will, for now he will be able to manage it as seems best to him without consulting anyone else. He has certainly been a good friend to me, and I appreciate it too. He will now be able to interest someone in The Mine who has capital to develop the property and I think and trust he may make it pay for him handsomely. He certainly deserves it from the way has stayed with it. I will write him at Randsburg today. I would have written sooner but have been suffering very much with my game knee lately. I think it gets worse as I grow older. Sometimes I cannot walk a hundred yards without resting it. I greatly appreciate your kindness in enabling your father to het in a position he will be able to make money out of the mine. Hoping you may soon land on the Supreme Branch of the A. S.

I am sincerely your friend.

(W. D. McComb)

Our little town of Midway had a big fire Thursday night. The Distillery situated here lost six big warehouses filled with whiskey, over forty-seven Thousand barrels burned. Something over two and a half million gallons burned. I have been in mourning ever since, and some of the whiskey was five years old and good too. Well such is life. Now Mc, I am always glad to hear from you whenever you feel inclined to write and have time. I am writing this letter to let you know what a loss you and our friends have sustained; about two weeks ago, I commenced negotiation with one of the Revenue Men at this Distillery, for a few gallons of their best, and think I would have successful but for this fire, every gallon was burned up. I thought you might enjoy a few gallons but alas for human calculations. “Man proposes and God disposes.” If anything else happens I will write you. Will be glad to hear from you when you feel like writing, kindest regards to all our friends.

Your Sincere Friend,

(W. D. McComb)

June 29, 1908: “The old G. B. mine, which in early days produced several hundred thousand dollars, is again being worked by leasers. Dan McCormlck, father of Paul McCormick, Los Angeles, assistant district attorney, is the owner of the G. B.  property, and he will soon erect on the property a five-stamp mill and cyanide plant.” – The Herald

Grant Illingworth Was Interested in Various Mines in the Rand District. In 1905 he was one of a group who was shipping Tungsten from the Rand District. In 1912 he became active in Gold mining and had interests in the G. B. Mine, the Santa Ana Mine, the Winnie, the Sunshine, the Pearl Wedge, the Lucky Boy, the Phoenix, and the Grannis Land Co. Group. Collection of McCormick Family courtesy of Barbara McCormick

September 21. 1912: “C. G. ILLINGWORTH AND R. ROSCHL AND J. F. BURNS, who recently secured a lease on the G.B. mine in the Stringer district, struck the big ore shoot toward which they had been drifting on the 165 ft. level last Wednesday, at a distance of 30 feet south of the shaft. The ore will be stoped out on a large scale and 100 tons of ore of shipping grade will be on the dump in a short time.”  — Randsburg Miner

December 22, 1912: “Ten tons of ore are being extracted daily from the G. B. mine, located one mile south of the camp. This ore is being hauled to Barney Osdlck’s mill, where it is crushed and subjected to cyanide treatment. Sinking of the main shaft was resumed this week and a depth of 180 feet has been reached. A large body of low grade ore is being stoped at present and a strong vein of ore of a better grade was encountered this week.” – San Francisco Call

March 30, 1913:  “CYANIDE PLANT FOR RANDSBURG. Extensive operations are scheduled for the G. B. mine, one mile south of Randsburg. Development work on the 225-foot level has disclosed a large tonnage of low-grade ore, 30 feet in width, averaging $10.30 along the whole width of the ore body. It has been estimated that the cost of treating the ore at a plant located on the property will only amount to $1.70 a ton. A dry crusher and cyanide plant will be installed at the mine. William J. Gayzer, an experienced assayer and metallurgist of Los Angeles, has been engaged to superintend the proposed reduction plant. About 10,000 tons of ore Is in eight at present. That the G. B. mine will develop into one of the greatest producers of the camp is the- consensus of opinion among mining men in the district. The G. B. is located on a big ledge of ore which extends north and south through that district as far as the Black Hawk With the services of an experienced cyanide man the success of the venture is assured. —Randsburg Miner.” — The San Francisco Call

Page Two of Lease Between Paul McCormick and The G. B. Mining and Reduction Company. – McCormick Family Collection, Courtesy of Barbara McCormick

August 2, 1913: “NOTICE OF NON RESPONSIBILITY—To Whom It May Concern—The owner of the G. B. Mine will not be responsible for any work or labor done on, or for materials furnished to said mine as the same is being worked under lease.—D. J. McCormick”  — Randsburg Miner1914:

1914: “IN 1913 HE (CARLOS GRANT ILLINGWORH) incorporated the G.B. Mining & Reduction Company, of which he is majority owner, and serves as president of the company. They built a twenty ton capacity roll mill and engaged in mining and milling the ore. They have already found it necessary to increase it to fifty-ton capacity, which has been done, and the showing made demonstrates that it is one of the best mines in the state. The plant was built to mine and mill $4 rock profitable, but at 285 feet they have $42 rock and find it necessary to build the new mill mentioned above. Needless to say the outcome far exceeds the expectations.”  — Wallace

D. J. McCormick, Was One of the Early Pioneers of the Rand Mining District. His Was One of the Signatures On the Original Formation Papers of the Rand Mining District. He was the Owner of the Juanita Mine Which Was Later to Be The Site of the Discovery of Silver in The District. In 1986 ChemGold Mining, Later Known as Rand Mining a Subsidiary of Glamis Gold Open Pitted the Area of the G. B. Mine in There Baltic Pit, Because Their Tests Showed That This Was One of the Richer Ore Deposits of the District.

July 4, 1914: “NOTICE OF NON RESPONSIBILITY – To whom it may concern: The owner of the G. B. Mine will not be responsible for any work or labor done on, or for materials furnished to said mine as the same is being worked under lease. D. J. McCormick”  — Randsburg Miner

1915:  “G. B., consisting of 22.5 acres, is located in Sec. 1, T. 30. S., R. 41., M. D. M., 1 ¼ miles   southwest of Johannesburg, at an elevation of 3600 feet.  Owners, G.  B. Reduction Company of Randsburg.    C. G. Illingworth, president; G. L. Caulfield, manager; J. MacFarlane, superintendent.  The holdings consist of 22.5 acres.  The deposit consists of a sheer zone from 100 to 300 feet wide, containing numerous parallel ledges, in rhyolite.  Ledges have a width of from 10 to 18 feet, strike N.  10 degrees E., dip 30 degrees to 50 degrees E.  Ore is free milling.  Workings consist of four shafts from150 to 260 feet deep, two levels, 1000 feet of drifts, crosscuts, raises, winzes, and a stope 700 feet long.  Ore reserve 10,000 tons of a value of $5 per ton.  Caving system of mining used.  Mine equipment consists of 10 h. p. gasoline hoist, cars, tools, electric motor for blower, buildings, and electric lights in mine.  Reduction plant consists of dry crushing mill equipped with two crushers, rolls and screens, run by 50 h. p. motor.  Capacity of mill 60 tons in twenty four hours; also cyanide plant consisting of ten tanks of 8 tons capacity  each (experimental plant).  Electric power costs 12 cents per ton. Total operating cost $3 per ton. Six men employed.  Worked until 1910 by leasers, who extracted some good milling ore.  Some of the sulphides run $3000 per ton in gold.  Adjoining mines, Baltic on south end and Yellow Aster on West.” – G. Chester Brown

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