Survey number:      Owner:      Date of discovery:



MD 030S 038E 8 460 CACAAA 136376 Homestead 1900/10/04 KOEHN CHARLES A

MD 030S 038E 8 985773 CAV 0012019 Homestead 1926/09/23 KOEHN CHARLES A

MD 030S 038E 28 821798 CAI 0003880 Desert Land Act 1921/09/08 KOEHN CHARLES A


CANE SPRINGS, CA, ABOUT 1909. MRS BESTANDIG, LOUISE JENSEN, LYDIA JENSEN, MAN AT LEFT BACKGROUND UNKNOWN, H P JENSEN HOLDING LESTER JENSEN, CHARLIE KOEHN HOLDING BABY BESTANDIG. (The reader may imagine the Editor’s delight to find this among the photos contributed by Jensen Family descendant Pete Johns, H. P. Jensen’s grandson. A Twofer! Not only our only family photo of the Jensens, whose story is told below, but a unique image of Charlie Koehn At Home; a superstar among the VIPs from the Fremont Valley to Randsburg, whose singular story can be found at: (LINK) Home>Fremont Valley>Fremont Valley Mining Camps>Kane Springs/Gypsite)

August 20, 1920: “September 12, 1920: “NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION –Department of the Interior—U.S.  LAND OFFICE at Independence, California, August 18, 1920.

Notice is hereby given that Charles Koehn of Saltdale, California, who on August 6, 1914, made Desert Land Entry No. 03880 for NW 1/4 of NE ¼ section, 28, township 30 south, range 38 east, Mount Diablo Meridian, has filed notice of intention to make desert land final proof to establish claim to the land above described, before United States Commissioner, at Bakersfield, California, on the 3rd day of September, 1920.

Claimant names as witnesses:

Andrew Miller of Cantil, California

Harry Benner of Cantil, California

Charles Clinton Todhunter of Cantil, California

Jeanie Ellis Koehn of Saltdale, California


Aug. 1 to Sept. 1 Inc.

Bakersfield Californian




December 26, 1896 “MOJAVE NEWS – F. H. Owens of Desert Springs was here Wednesday on his way to Los Angeles.” –Bakersfield Californian

April 29, 1897: RANDSBURG WILL PROBABLY BE PLENTIFULLY SUPPLIED with water in course of a few months.  A company having a capital stock of $500,000 has been formed to develop Desert Springs which lie opposite the mouth of Red Rock Canyon fourteen miles from the foot of the grade leading to Randsburg.  F. H. Owens was the original promoter of the project and retains a one-sixth interest.  The company proposes to conduct the water by pipe-line a distance of seven miles, by gravity, to the foot of the grade.  Just how it will finally be brought into Randsburg has not yet been disclosed, but when the people want anything they are pretty sure to get it, and it is a foregone conclusion that the town will soon be plentifully supplied with water for domestic purposes.  The owners of Desert Springs claim to have a flow of 100 miner’s inches of water.” –Bakersfield Californian





MD 030S 038E 30 182295 CAI 0000281 Homestead 1911/03/07 MUNSEY GILES W

December 21, 1903: “COLONIZING THE DESERT AT KOEHN SPRINGS—A number of settlers have taken up homesteads in the vicinity of Koehn and Desert Springs.  It is their intention to sink for artesian water and thereby get sufficient water for irrigating purposes.  Among those who have taken up land here are:  G. W.  Erwin, Black, Muney (Munsey) and his sons Will, Porter, and Wade—Randsburg Miner


June 12, 1905:  “PERSONAL  ITEMS FROM THE TEHACHAPI SECTION –G. W. Munsey and son Wade, were up from Desert Springs Monday and report that everything is looking fine in that section.” –Bakersfield Morning Echo





July 31, 1905:  “NOT SO AWFUL HOT –W. Munsey and J. E. Davis are in from Desert Springs and say the weather has not been particularly hot there, the thermometer having registered 112 degrees only.” –Bakersfield Daily Californian


BUENA VISTA RANCHO, Cattle Skull w/ wood tripod, Early 20th Century. – Munsey Family Collection

October 7, 1905: “NEWS NOTES FROM  THE  MOUNTAINS AND DESERT (Tehachapi Tomahawk) –Porter Munsey was here  from Bakersfield Wednesday and left for a  visit to Desert Springs yesterday morning,” –Bakersfield Daily Californian

February 17, 1906:  “MRS. G. W. MUNSEY CAME IN FROM Desert Springs and visited a few days with Mrs. W. H. Cuddeback who accompanied Mrs. Munsey to the home of the latter in Bakersfield.” –Bakersfield Daily Californian

February 12, 1912:  “CONDITION OF MUNSEY SERIOUS –HAS THREE RIBS BROKEN AND DOCTOR HAS TO OPERATE—Randsburg, Feb. 9. –G. W. Munsey, an old settler of Desert Springs, 20 miles west of here was bucked off his horse here Wednesday afternoon while starting for home and received injuries of such serious nature that his recovery is doubtful.

Mr. Munsey has been a resident of his desert ranch for the past ten years, having acquired patent to his homestead several years ago.  He devoted his time principally to stock raising.  He has a small orchard and garden on his place in a very thriving condition.  Irrigated by water supplied by his windmill.

The aged settler (sustained) three broken ribs and, it is feared, internal injuries.  He was transferred today to the hospital of the Yellow Aster Mining and Milling Company where Dr. C. L. Garvin performed an operation on him this afternoon.  Mrs. G. W. Munsey and son, Wm. Munsey arrived here today from Desert Springs, having been notified by telephone of the accident.” –Bakersfield Daily Californian


FEBRUARY 14, 1912:  “INJURIES FATAL TO GILES W. MUNSEY – Well Known Desert  Pioneer Succumbed Early on Tuesday –Randsburg, February 12.—Giles W. Munsey, the well-known desert pioneer, who was injured here last Wednesday, when he was thrown from and trampled by his frightened horse, died early this morning from his injuries.  With him to the last were his wife and three sons, E. P. Munsey of Bakersfield, Vernal Munsey and Will Munsey who reside on the ranch at Desert Springs about 20 miles from this place.

Mr. Munsey received injuries to his chest, several of the ribs being crushed by the horse’s hoofs and an operation was performed in the hope that relief might be obtained, but to no avail.  Mr. Munsey was 62 years of age and had resided in Kern County for many years.  He formerly lived in at Tehachapi, but some years ago removed to the desert where his abode is one of the desert landmarks.  Prior to coming to California Mr. Munsey followed mining in Nevada, Arizona, and northern California.

Accompanied by his wife and children the body started for Bakersfield tonight via the Santa Fe and will reach Bakersfield in the morning.  Payne & Sons will take charge of the remains but the funeral arrangements had not been completed when the funeral party left Randsburg.

Mr. Munsey was summoned as a witness in the Koehn-Rosenburger salt claims dispute which was aired in court before Justice Maginnis last week.  After the trial was over and he was preparing to leave by horseback for his desert home he was thrown from his horse.” –Bakersfield Morning Echo


November 18, 1914:  “DEVELOPMENT WORK IS GOING STEADILY IN FREMONT VALLEY –Development work is progressing steadily and new settlers are coming in and buying land according to the Fremont Valley News, a paper published in the interest of the great project involving the colonization of 100,000 acres of land under way and a string of 40 wells are planned for the colony irrigation system.  A new hotel is in course of construction at Neuralia, destined to be the center of the agricultural development on this part of the desert.

VERNAL MUNSEY w/ HORSE & CANE FENCE, Before WW I, – Munsey Family Collection

MUNSEY FAMILY ARE PIONEERS –The Munsey family are the pioneers in the Fremont valley and the success of this family in raising fine beef stock is illustrated in a picture that is printed of the valley, showing a stream of water flowing from a pumping well, fat cattle and alfalfa in the foreground and the grazing lands of the foothills in the background.  In the picture is seen a 16 month old steer that weighs 1000 pounds and is valued at $60 in the Los Angeles market.  The cost of production of beer on this ranch is at a minimum and it is estimated that the steer represents an outlay of not over $5.  William Munsey’s home is also shown in the illustration.

THE LAST ROUNDUP, CATTLE & COWBOYS, About 1947 – Munsey Family Collection

LOS ANGELES BOOSTERS –The Fremont Valley is being settled up with southern California men largely although a number of investors from San Joaquin Valley points have purchased land.  Round trip excursions are run from Los Angeles to Neuralia at the rate of $4.05.” –Bakersfield Morning Echo

March 12, 1915:  “MRS. MUNSEY OF CINCO entertained Mr. and Mrs. Frank Baker at a delightful chicken dinner last Sunday, at her home. ” –Mojave Press

May 27, 1915: “WILLIAMS CLAIM IS RICHES IN DISTRICT –Prospectors from many parts of the county are flocking to Long Pine Canyon, fourteen miles northeast of Mojave, where Hamp Williams has truck gold bearing ore running $1000 to the ton  as previously announced  the volumes of THE CALIFORNIAN.

Williams is a mining man who formerly operated in the Amelie district.

William Munsey of Nerglia (Neuralia) reports that William’s claim includes one of the richest high-grade strikes ever made in the county.  It is located on the aqueduct branch of the Southern Pacific near Cantil station and not far from Jawbone Canyon where mining properties have been profitably developed.

Prospectors from Lorraine, Randsburg, Tehachapi and Mojave have staked out claims for a considerable distance around the point where the strike was made.” –Bakersfield Californian

August 27, 1915:  “CANTIL CALIDUCT –”WILL AND VERNAL MUNSEY spent a couple of weeks at the fair in Frisco, taking the trip with Mr. and Mrs. E. M. Underwood of Weldon in the Underwood machine. ” –Mojave Press

March 26, 1916:  “THE RED ROCK CLUB met at the Levi Giddings home  with 41 members present.  It was stated that (bondsmen) had been  secured for the expense of accuring viewers for the installation of culverts and that the road  petition had  finally been completed in  every detail, all the necessary signatures had been made before a notary and the entire document sent in to the county supervisors.  Work will begin immediately on the south  and near Neuralia.

It  has been  stated the Cantil postoffice is being held back  because no site for  same had been secured.

Hot coffee and  pies, pies, pies constituted  the refreshments.

The next meeting will   be held on Tuesday night.   March 25th and will be a birthday party for Miss Viola Elliot,  the club having been there by her parents Mr. and  Mrs. J. N. Elliott.

Mr. Will Munsey, pres.

Mrs. Levi Giddings, sec.

April 2, 1916:  “RED ROCK NEWS –Thursday night the club laid aside all business matters in order to give all the evening over to the pleasure of celebrating four  birthdays which all fell on  this week, as follows:  F. O. Alice, March 27; Miss Viola Elliot, March 23: Will Munsey, March 30; Frank Jarvis April 1.   Miss Elliott’s birthday took precedence over all the rest and the 28th was chosen for the celebration.

Miss Elliott, the foremost among the guests of honor being sweet sixteen, received beautiful present(s) from her friends.  She wore a pretty ping silk frock with lace trimmings.  All four birthday guests received the congratulations of the club members.

The next meeting is to be held at Hotel Oasis, Neuralia next Saturday evening, April 1.   Col. Newenhaus having extended a cordial invitation to the club.” –Bakersfield Morning Echo

April 28, 1916:  “CANTIL LIVE WIRES –The Munsey Bros.  of the Buena Vista Rancho took an auto trip to Tehachapi Friday, returning Saturday. ” –Mojave Press


February 28, 1917: “W. N. MUNSEY spent several days in Los Angeles this week, getting supplies for the 50 h. p. F. M. tractor which expects to have in operation at an early date. Bakersfield Morning Echo

September 30, 1917:  “MOUNTAINEERS OF KERN AT CAMP LEWIS—Among the boys from desert and mountain homes who have been called to the colors at Camp: Lewis are the following:

George d. James, Onxy;  Albert Vodenwelder, Mojave; Charles B. Williams, Randsburg; Jean P. Giraud, Tehachapi;  Earl Davenport,  Tehachapi; Albert J. Skinner ,Weldon; Octavian Ramband, Tehachapi; Cyrus M. Head, Onxy; Arthur Cole, Onxy; Laurence R. Atwood, Rosamond; Rudolph J. Wilds, Mojave; Bruce A. Adams, Mojave;  E. W. Dittle, Tehachapi;  Vernal W. Munsey, Cantil;  Henry A. James, Kernville, John Madeen, Mojave; Peter Garcia, Mojave; William Cannop, Weldon.” – Bakersfield Morning Echo

November 26, 1919: “SUMMONS GRAND JURORS TO REPORT DECEMBER 15 –The 1919 grand jury was drawn from the jury wheel yesterday in Deparment One by Clerk Charles R. Wilkes.  Judge J. W. Mahon directed the jurors report to his department at 10 o’clock, Decmember 15.

The list follows:

William N. Munsey, Cantil

Bakersfield Morning Echo

May 25, 1938:  “BARBECUE SCHEDULED BY LADIES ON SUNDAY—Cantil, May 25.—A benefit barbecue sponsored by members of the Cantil Ladies’ Club, originally planned for Sunday, May 18, at Ranch Rico, will be held at the Munsey ranch, 3 miles east of the Cantil post office on the same day,  committee chairman announced today.  The roads to the Munsey ranch will be plainly marked.


Funds derived from the affair will be used to apply on a new clubhouse to be erected for a community center.  Dr. Clara Mae Rhinehardt president of the club, is chairman in charge of arrangements. ” –Bakersfield Californian


May 31, 1938:  “THRONG PRESENT AT CANTIL GROUP EVENT—Cantil, May 31.—The benefit barbecue sponsored by members of the Cantil Ladies’ Club in order to raise funds for the erection of a community center clubhouse was  a success, according to committee members.  Approximately 500 persons attended the affair held on Sunday at the Munsey Ranch, east of here.  Twenty-four county candidates for public office were also in attendance.  Rollie Duntley of Oak Creek presided as barbecue chef. ” –Bakersfield Californian



December 21, 1903: “COLONIZING THE DESERT AT KOEHN SPRINGS—A number of settlers have taken up homesteads in the vicinity of Koehn and Desert Springs.  It is their intention to sink for artesian water and thereby get sufficient water for irrigating purposes.  Among those who have taken up land here are:  G. W.  Erwin, Black, Muney (Munsey) and his sons Will, Porter, and Wade—Randsburg Miner


December 21, 1903: “COLONIZING THE DESERT AT KOEHN SPRINGS—A number of settlers have taken up homesteads in the vicinity of Koehn and Desert Springs.  It is their intention to sink for artesian water and thereby get sufficient water for irrigating purposes.  Among those who have taken up land here are:  G. W.  Erwin, Black, Muney (Munsey) and his sons Will, Porter, and Wade—Randsburg Miner




MD 030S 037E 34 363204 CAI 0000018 Homestead 1913/10/30 JENSEN HANS PETER

JENSEN HOMESTEAD AT DESERT SPRINGS, 1908-14 – Jensen Family Collection


Atolia, 1-11-08

Sister Bertha,

Have received both yours’ and mamma’s letter and will answer them together, that is if I can stay with it long enough.  I had to get Lester a pencil and paper too so he could write.

SATELLITE AERIAL, JENSEN HOMESTEAD, View NW, 2014. The boundaries are outlined in red. Invisible at this scale, the entire parcel is cross-hatched with plow furrows, legacy of decades of farming. – Courtesy Google Earth

The baby is busy sucking her fist and Pete is trying to read the paper.  It is a fine moonlight evening outside and warm too.  It doesn’t seem as if we were going to have any winter at all, it is nice to have such fine weather all the time but think a little snow would do us good.  We spent Christmas at home, didn’t even go in for the doings at the Union hall on Christmas eve, but I don’ think we missed much.  Randsburg has had hard luck, so many have died from pneumonia this fall.

Tuesday Night

USGS TOPO MAP, JENSEN HOMESTEAD, CANTIL, CA – William James Warren Collection

Well as is usually the case something happened when I wanted to write, here three more days have passed and my letter not finished but will make another attempt tonight. The rest of the family are tucked in bed.  Hope they will leave me in peace for a while.   We had quite a rain this morning and the wind has been busy blowing all day.  Maybe we will get some winter now.

We had company Saturday and Sunday evenings.    Mr. and Mrs. Greenwood and the Taylor family.  They came over to hear our phonograph, which we received a week ago.   We sent for it over four months ago, but it has took a long while to get here.   It has two horns and I think the best machine I ever heard.  We have only eight records as yet but have a dozen more coming and when they get here we’ll have music the back (Bock?).

U.S. PATENT NO. 363204, HANS PETER JENSEN, October 30, 1913 – BLM

Pete was down to our ranch a few days last week and put up a telephone so we can talk to Neils whenever we want to.  Pete and Taylor have taken up another half section of land there and if they can get artesian water on it our fortune is made.  They have borrowed a well digging outfit and expect to go down there again in a week or so and dig a few wells.  The land itself it   good and most anything will there providing we get the water to irrigate.  We would prefer to sell our house as it would be quite a job to move it so far and there is not telling when the mine will start up again.   We won’t know for some time.

I had a letter from Elmer a week ago,  he had seen Edna at Barstow on her way home, so I guess she  it settled in the Osage ways again by  this time,  and have told you everything about us that I  have forgotten to write  about.

Have Elmans left yet?  So sad to think Mrs. Aug. E. J. had to die and leave her little children.  Who has taken them?  Yes, I remember that Miss Carlson, she was there at Johnson’s when I was home.

JOHNSON, H. P. JENSEN, SEATED. Unknown date.

Lester’s cap came in just right as he needed one, the baby’s is too big, but she has nearly chewed up her rattle.

I sent you a skirt, Bertha, hope you have received it.  Minnie gave it to me two years ago but as I had no use for it, though maybe you could.  I was tired of having it in my truck.

PASSENGER WAGON, RAND MOUNTAINS, CA. NIELS JOHNSON – MAYBE IN SECOND ROW WITH DOT OVER HEAD. WOMAN IN THE FRONT SEAT UNIDENTIFIED. Probably in the vicinity of the White Mine, near Sidney Peak in the Stringer District, about 1905. – Jensen Family Collection

Well Bertha, I hope by the time you graduate you will know how to make better P’s than you do; they look like a j, c?

Tell Edna to write and tell me about her trip, as I have heard nothing of them since they left.

We are all well as usual and send greetings to you all at home.




Nov. 1,1909

Dear Edna,

Good evening Mrs. Hamlett, how are you? Don’t it seem funny to be called Mrs. instead of Miss:  I received your letter a few days ago, glad to hear from you and that you’re at last afloat in the sea of matrimony.  Hope you won’t meet with any shipwrecks but always have smooth sailing.  I would very much like to visit you in your little flat and hafve en pa-tar and meet my new relation but I guess I’ll have to postpone that for a while.  Don’t wait too long before to take your family on a trip out to Calif. Or you’ll never get here.

LYDIA AND PETER JENSEN, LOS ANGELES, CA. MARRIED JUNE 29, 1905. – Jensen Family Collection

Of course you haven’t forgotten that today is your birthday.  You have someone else to spank you now instead of Pete.  What is Jofus doing now and how much older than you is he—if it is any of my biz—I had a conflab over the phone a couple a weeks ago with Jim  Conners, he asked after you.  I told him you were married and he asked if it was to the swede.

I spose Elmer and his Ethel will be the next one to settle down they seen to be as thick as flies round a molasses barrel.  Does Bertha over have nay beaus?  I never hear of any.

The children are fine and doing well, Louise is getting so big and fat and my chatterboxes and mischiefs and they sure can make the bread and butter fly.

Dean Harrison stopped here over night week before last, he was going to Frisco. Guess he’ll be back this way again before long.

LYDIA JENSEN ON LOTTIE ‘SIGSAY’ (?), DEAN HARRISON’S HORSE, In front of the family residence at Cantil/Neuralia. View S, at a guess. 1909-14. – Jensen Family Collection

The weather has been fine here lately but the nights are getting cold.  We haven’t put up the heating stove yet, when it gets too chilly to stay up in the evening, why we crawl to-bed,  and which I think I better do now, so will close for this time with best wishes from  us all to Joe and yourself.

Your sister,

Lydia Jensen





LETTER POSTMARKED “CRAFT” CAL. –(Craft was a stop on the railroad near what later became Neuralia – At intersection of Phillips Ranch Road and the railroad tracks.)

Craft, Cal. June 9, 1910

Dear Mamma

Page 1 of 6 of June 9, 1909 Letter From Lydia Jensen to Her Mother. Written While Living On the Ranch at Cantil. Collection of Pete Johns

I shall try to answer your letter this evening, though I may not get it mailed for several days.  I intended to write sooner but did not have time.  Pete has been away from home so much lately and it keeps me busy looking after things.  He has done a good deal of hauling stuff for people that have moved and so on.  At present he is hauling lumber for the salt works down on dry lake, about eight miles from here.  He left Tuesday and   won’ be back till Sunday and I guess he will be home only a day or two and then go back again.  This job will last him a month or more, but I told him he’d have to get me another man if he was to be  gone that long, for I don’t like to stay alone, it is lonesome. He takes both horses so I can’t go anywhere besides can’t leave the  place very well for the hawks and coyotes would get all my chickens.  There was a bunch of Coyotes howling just outside the fence a little while ago.  I took a few shots at them in the dark with the little rifle to scare them off.


We’ll have some new neighbors a half mile north of us at the end of this month.  A couple by name Anderson from Atolia, he is a skane , she American,  They’ll have a hot time getting settled as the days are warm now and they have to build a house, dig a well and a hundred other things before they are anywhere near comfortable.

The Aqueduct is on the bum, have closed down all their camps except  two and they won’t last much longer.  Cinco is getting smaller, there won’t be much left of it after a while.  Lack of funds is the cause.  They expect to have enough by the first of nest year to start again, but no one can tell.

We did not  feel that earthquake you read about.

It would do me good to see all those flowers you mention.  It was so dry we had none this year on the desert, but I see no way of getting to Kans.. this year either .

Too bad that white goods was all gone.  I think it so pretty and have tried many times to get that kind , but couldn’t, if you see any more like it get me some.  Lester’s suit’s fit alright, were not too big.

Heard from Edna a short time ago, she told me of her expectations.  Her troubles will begin then, but I hope she will get along alright.


I have no regular house cleaning time as I have to clean house every time we have a sand storm, and then it only takes me half a day.  We’ve  has so much wind the past two months that it is a wonder we didn’t blow away.  Am glad to hear you did not have much of that cold weather and storms I read about in the papers.

Is Bertha going to Institute this summer? How long does it last?

Think I told all the news so I better ring off and go to bed, it is already half past nine, and I have to get up early these mornings.

We are all as well as usual, hope you are too.  Greetings to you all from the Jensen family.




April 11, 1911: “LIGHTNING HAS SPORTY TIME ON DESERT—Burns Out Telephone System  Sets Fire To House And Scares Miners—San Bernardino, April 13.—Henry Burdick was in yesterday from the Randsburg district, and tells of a peculiar electrical storm which swept the desert section Saturday.  The telephone line between Randsburg and Mojave was practically put out of commission.  Many poles being reduced to splinters.

The family of H. P. Jensen had a very narrow escape from being electrocuted.  The lightning followed the telephone wires into the residence, bursting in a wave of flame in the dining room.  Several newspapers placed on the telephone box ignited and for a time the house was in danger of being razed by flames.  Mrs. Jensen heroically saved the structure.

Balls of fire raced along the telephone line leading into Kane Lake being seen for miles on their fiery course, and they burned out the telephone at the plant of the California Gypsite and Plaster Company, at the lake.  The storm has made a new record for electrical disturbances, its peculiar pranks having no duplicate in that region.  The miners were considerably scared, especially those in the Copper Hills locality.  The hills in places fairly blazed with electrical energy, indicating the sensitiveness of the copper ore to electrical disturbances.” –San Bernardino County Sun





April 13, 1912

Friday April 12, ‘12

Dear Mamma,

I better answer your letter right away otherwise it will take so long before I get at it.  I owe Minnie & Edna besides several others so I need to get busy.  Am sorry you haven’t been well, too bad you must work so hard.  I know how it is for that is what ails me most of the time, too much work, tho’ I don’t have to bake cake for any social.  Bertha better stay home once in a while and help you, shouldn’t think it would be necessary for her to go to everything.  Maybe Roy would be better working on a farm, tho not as much pay.  Am glad Pa is well.  We’ve all had colds and Lester was sick for over a week, but seems alright again.  Pete has had 3 big boils on his right wrist.  The last one is still sore.  I’m feeling better than I did a while back but I don’t think the desert and being alone so much is good for me.  I’ll be glad if we ever get away from here.  I am going away for the summer anyway.  Wish it didn’t cost so much to go to Kans. I do so want to see you all and give you a taste of my kids.


We’ve sold all our chickens except a dozen and our big windmill and got a small one in place of it, and as soon as Pete knows what he will do I’ll pack my trunk and go, kids and I need a change.  Pete wants to go with us and take the team & wagon but we don’t know yet how it will turn out.

We had a good rain over a month ago, feed will be good this year.  Have had nice weather too till this week, when it’s been both cold and windy.  Tried to both rain and snow, but neither amounted to anything.

Pete has been home since the rain, but went down to lake today to put up a gasoline engine for pumping water at the salt vats.  Don’t think it will take him over a few days.

I would rather you didn’t send me any Osage paper, at least not subscribe for it yet, for the mail here is so uncertain that we don’t always get our papers and then I don’t expect to be here this summer.

LYDIA YOUNGROOT JENSEN, PRIOR TO WEDDING, 1905. – Jensen Family Collection

We all went into Mojave three weeks ago and stayed the night.  I havn’t been inside a store since last August.  I bought twenty-five yards of gingham to make up for my family, and I have been busy ever since trying to get it sewed up.  It takes so much to around.  We all need new clothes, for they wear out so fast.  I cut off Louise’s hair, and she is so glad to think she is a boy.  It’s Lester’s birthday tomorrow and I promised him a cake.  Dorothy is so big and fat.  She is papa’s girl.

Well this is all for this time.  Greetings to you all from the Jensen family.



Atolia,  May 30, 1914

Dear Mamma,

I expected to answer you letter right away but already four weeks have gone since I heard from you and here I’m just starting to write.  I’ve been so busy since we moved to Atolia.  I don’t even get time to sew.


Pete didn’t get to lease Arthur’s mine for different reasons  and his partner Atkinson at the Buckboard go another lease on that property in  an underhanded way and left  poor Pete out so we had to move and the company here has started to lease out its ground so  Pete thought he’d  take a chance here.  He’s taken out some ore, at least enough to pay him for the work he’s done, but he may not find any more.  He needed a man to help him so told Joe he could have the job as long as it lasted as work is so poor in Los Angeles.  Joe boards with us and since working with pick and shovel he’s acquired a bigger appetite than Pete’s so it keeps me on the jump cooking enough to fill them up, but the kids are so anxious to be out playing with the other children they haven’t time to eat.

ATOLIA, CALIFORNIA ‘WHEN IT FIRST STARTED’, 190_. So also, the Jensens’ adventures in mining, begun in Atolia and ended there a decade later. – Jensen Family Collection

We’ve never lived where we had near neighbors before.  There is about thirty of more children here in town and was more but the company has laid off so many men lately that a good many have left.  I thought I’d get to get to send Lester and Louise to school a few weeks but it closed a few days after we moved here.  The Johannesburg school closed today with supper and program tonight.  I didn’t feel like going in it’s so far, tho’ I may have been expected to and Royal s staying with me.

Minnie and Roy went out last night to Los Angeles and  San Diego, where they will  meet Arthur  and tend to some business affairs.  They may be gone a week or more.  The Kids haven’t fully recovered from the whooping cough yet.  The weather is so changeable, cold and windy on day and hot the next that they catch more cold instead of getting rid of what they had.  All four whooped at once after they’d gone to bed last night and I havn’t had an unbroken nights rest for two months.  The last few days have been pretty hot.  If it would stay awhile maybe the cough would leave.

A couple days ago Louise fell off a burro and sprained her wrist, but it will be alright soon I think, anyway she won’t ride any burros for a while.

NIELS JOHNSON, LYDIA JENSEN, WILHELMINA (MINNIE) WHITE, ARTHUR WHITE. Taken in the vicinity of the White Mine, near Sidney Peak in the Stringer District, about 1905. – Jensen Family Collection

I have  a four roomed house here but it is so low and hot and the kitchen  is unhandy.  I’ve felt pretty good the past two  months but the hard work is telling on me again.   Pete went down to Los Angeles a couple months ago to see if he could find a place we’d like but they cost more than we have money for, so we have to stick on the desert yet awhlle.

Mr. Wickard from Jobug died in Los Angeles in April.  He was one of  the pardners in the  lease that Pete and Walton bought into more than a year ago and he & another  fellow were  the ones  that  found the ore in Arthur’s mne many years ago.  He  used  to live in Kans., and has a sister living in Emporia and  one in Baldwin.

John Singleton died in Randsburg last week.  He was the last of the original finders of  the big yellow aster mine.  Burcham died last August and Mooers  died some years ago.  I think Pa met Singleton when  he was here.

I think Rosenquist could have waited awhile.  He didn’t need too get married so soon.  Where is Aunt Nellie staying?

I’m glad Engleholmes got their boy at last.  Have they found a good enough name for him yet?

Can’t think of anything more I wanted to write.  Pete drove into Randsburg after supper and will be home soon.  Hope this will find you all well and we all send love & greetings.

Lydia V.  Jensen

Atolia, Cal.




POST CARD, TINTED, ‘OF A GROUP OF “DRY WASHERS” IN THE STRINGER DISTRICT, RANDSBURG, CALIF., IN 1898’ Lydia Jensen’s handwriting identifies Bob Gunnerson at the extreme left, and Mike Fittings, front row with his hands on his hips. This scene might have been captured any time between the mid 1890s and World War I. Many of the alluvial gravel deposits were processed twice, first for Gold, again for Tungsten. – Jensen Family Collection


Addressed to Bertha Youngroot, 721, Main St.. Osage City, Kans.


Dear Sis,

I am sending a  small package by this mail with our best wishes for your birthday.  It may come a little late but I forgot to mail it sooner.  Hope this will find you all well.  Kids aren’t over whooping cough yet.  Otherwise all well as usual.  We are living in Atolia now.  Saw Minnie yesterday.  Joe came up Wednesday to work for pete awhile.  Will write letter when I get time.



Dear Mamma,

Your last letter was quite a long time in coming.  I didn’t know but maybe you expect me to answer my own letter.  I intended to write but was hindered, besides I had nothing particular to say.  Edna said she had written you of our change of address.  I started to answer your letter right away but didn’t get to stay with it and since then havn’t found time.  It’s late now and I ought to be in bed but this is my best chance for a while.

I received your pictures and think they are better than where you and Pa took to-gether but have never seen you in that style hat.  Am anxious to see what Papa will look like.  Doesn’t Bertha think enough of herself to have her picture taken sometime?

It looks like I won’t have to go back to the desert for a while anyway.  I feel better here tho there’s always something coming up to make life miserable.  My teeth are starting in to give me trouble.  I had to have one pulled.  I need to have them all treated for pyorrhea but the dentist only wants $300 for the job, so it’s cheaper to pull them out.

Pete and the kids are well outside of a cold occasionally.  I finally got rid of their whooping cough.

We are having warm weather this month than we had all summer.  I’d rather live out in the country than in town but it’s more convenient for Pete here but I want to get a better house soon as I can.  This one is no better than I had on the desert.  No closets or pantry, no place to keep a thing, tho I kind of like the locality.

Pete is so busy all the time that I don’t think we can come to Kansas yet a while, but he said you can come out here instead.  We’ll pay your fare and look after you while here.  Pete has done well since he bought his truck, but he has to put in long hours so it’s hard on him.  Sometimes he’s gone all night hauling.  He used to have saterdays free but lately he’s had to haul that day too.  He comes home to meals any old time and I have to ready with a hand out so he can eat and go again.  Between him and the kids I have to make meals all hours of the day.   He brings home so much fruit and melon that it’s a wonder the kids don’t get sick eating and it makes me sick because I can’t eat all I’d like too.  I also thought when I left the ranch that I wouldn’t have to stay alone nights but never can tell what you’ll get into.

Kids started school tree weeks ago.  Lester hours are from 8:30 to 12:30 and Louise from 9 to 2 with and hour off at noon.  After school there is usually a bunch of kids playing, some of them stay and stay till I have to send them home to get rid of them.  Lester has been selling papers evenings the past two weeks he makes a few cents to put in his bank.

Edna and Joe were here Sunday.  He walks without crutches but has to favor the ankle a good deal.  He wouldn’t have got hurt if he’d stayed on top the ground where he was working and making good money.  As it is he’s lucky to get the insurance money and better stay with it as long as he can for couldn’t get work here now anyway.

Foley’s were to leave yesterday for New Mexico because he can’t make anything.  Hilda didn’t like to leave.  They never came to see us so I don’t bother about them.

The Los Angeles Examiner had an advertising contest this summer (I enclose it if Bertha cares to read it).  You were to save all your sales slips and send them in and those who had the most won prizes.  I won two, one for fifty dollars and the other two and a half.  Pete says he is going to tell everybody I won prizes for being the biggest spender in town, but it was the money he paid for the truck that brought the prize.

He hauls fruit from market to some of the stores in Lankershim and tells the men on the market that he brings it home to his kids.  Last Saturday he had four other kids long out to Lankershiim and told everybody they were all his.  Most of them believed him and said it was no wonder he had to buy so much stuff to take home.  One girl of 11 was a great big fat one.  Pete said she took after me.

Well Ma I’ll send you that fifty I won and another besides if you want to come out.  Bertha and Pa can look after themselves till Christmas so you can stay that long.  What you think about it?

LYDIA YOUNGROOT JENSEN, HANS PETER JENSEN, BALDWIN PARK, CA, C 1956. Married 51 years before. – Jensen Family Collection

Pete says he has all he can do fighting me and kids without going to war I hope that is all the fighting he’ll ever have to do.  There was a big peace parade here.  Thursday and Sunday all the churches are going to have a rally.  I think the war is awful and don’t want to read about it.  It ought to bring better times for the country when they get thru fighting.

Well I got to close, it’s eleven o’clock and Pete just got home and tomorrow is another busy day. Hope this will find you all well.

Greetings from all the Jensen’s


979 E. 12th St.



PUMP RUINS, NORTHERN BOUNDARY OF THE JENSEN HOMESTEAD, VIEW N., 2014. Who knows how many generations of hopeful agriculturalists have attempted to transmute Water into Gold at this place; several anyway. The margins of the field are strewn with chunks of broken concrete, plastic pipe, iron pipe, shards of window glass, nails, and several flavors of wire. © William James Warren 2014


December 20, 1907:  “TO GROW VEGETABLES FOR MARKET ON DESERT NEAR MOJAVE—An effort is being made to grow vegetables in the parched earth of the Mojave Desert at Desert Springs, not far from Mojave.  A Los Angeles company, headed by C. Birch and L. Johnson, experienced gardeners, has taken up 100 acres of government land and are preparing to cultivate it to vegetables.  They have made arrangements for water and are very hopeful for the success of the undertaking.

Their land will be on the proposed Mojave-Keeler branch of the Southern Pacific, which will make transportation to Los Angeles an easy matter.  It is planned to grow their product primarily for the southern  market.” –Bakersfield Californian

April 27, 1908:  “PEOPLE VS. JOHNSON AND BIRCH, defendants, will be tried together on May 27. –Bakersfield Californian

May 27, 1908:  “THE CATTLE STEALING CASE—The trial of Nels Johnson and Chris Burch, accused of stealing a cow on the desert, will probably go to the jury sometime this evening.  The defendants themselves took the stand today and denied emphatically that they stole the animal in question.  They admitted killing it, but claimed to have done so with the intention of paying the owner for the same.  This they alleged was in accordance with an understanding by them with some owners of cattle.” –Bakersfield Californian

May 29, 1908:  “NELS JOHNSON AND CHRIS BURCH DID STEAL a cow from W. W. Landers.  That was decided by a jury last evening shortly before 5 o’clock, the jurors reaching a verdict after a very few minutes of deliberation.  The men did not deny killing the animal, but emphatically disclaimed any intention of stealing it.  The Jury evidently took their view of it.  Thomas Scott and J. R. Dorsey defended the accused men.” –Bakersfield Californian


MD 031S 037E 12 922210 CAI 0002086 Desert Land Act 1923/10/30 WHITE JOHN R

February 18, 1923:  “NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION –Department of the Interior—U.S.  LAND OFFICE at Independence, California, February 14, 1923.

Notice is hereby given that John R.  White, of Johannesburg, California, who, on March 5, 1912, made Desert Land Entry, No. 02080, northeast quarter of section 12, township 31 south, range 37 east, Mount Diablo Meridian, has filed notice of intention to make final proof under the provisions of paragraph 3 of the  Act of March 1, 1915, to establish claim to the land above described, before the Register and Receiver, United States Land Office, at Bakersfield, California on the 5th day of  April, 1923.

Claimant names as witnesses:

Frank Alee, Charles C. Todhunter, John Blaycock, all of Cantil, California; Mary L. White, of Johannesburg, California


Feb. 18 to March 20, 1923, Inc.

Bakersfield Californian


March 12, 1915:  “WHILE FRANK BAKER WAS HELPING J. H. White on his well recently, he was striking a chisel which Mr. White was holding, when the hammer overreached and struck Mr. White’s hand.  He was laid up with it several days.  The well has been finished. ” –Mojave Press




MD 031S 037E 12 922211 CAI 0002533 Desert Land Act 1923/10/30 WHITE MARY

February 18, 1923:  “NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION –Department of the Interior—U.S.  LAND OFFICE at Independence, California, February 14, 1923.

Notice is hereby given that Mary L. White, of Johannesburg, California, who, on October 3, 1912, made Desert Land Entry, No. 03532, southeast quarter of section 12, township 31 south, range 37 east, Mount Diablo Meridian, has filed notice of intention to make final proof under the provisions of paragraph 3 of the  Act of March 1, 1915, to establish claim to the land above described, before the Register and Receiver, United States Land Office, at Bakersfield, California on the 5th day of  April, 1923.

Claimant names as witnesses:

Frank Alee, Charles C. Todhunter, John Blaycock, all of Cantil, California; John R. White, of Johannesburg, California


Feb. 18 to March 20, 1923, Inc.

Bakersfield Californian



MD 030S 038E 34 573102 CAI 0003115 Homestead 1917/03/20 CASSOU JOHN

MD 030S 038E 34 986167 CAV 0011998 Homestead 1926/09/27 CASSOU JOHN

August 4, 1910:  “RED ROCK PRECINCT—

Inspectors—Chas. A. Koehn, Chas.  O. Brittain

Judges—Giles W. Munsey, Peter L Larsen

Clerks—Joseph Miller, Benjamin F. Miller

Ballot Clerks—Rudolf Hagen, John Cassou

Election must be held at Cantil pumping station.

Bakersfield Morning Echo

February 28, 1925:  “SUES FOR RETURN OF PUMPING EQUIPMENT—Charles A. Koehn has brought suit against Pete Cassou, asking judgment for $410.  Koehn alleges that he loaned Cassou a pump and other equipment which Cassou refused to return.  For damages which he avers to have sustained as a result, Koehn asks judgment.  The complaint is on file with the county clerk.”  –Bakersfield Californian

February 14, 1930: “SUPERIOR COURT SUIT CONCERNING CANYON ROAD IS UNDER WAY HERE…………… Pete Cassou of Cantil testified that he has lived in Cantil for 2 years and has done much hauling over the Iron Canyon road, working for prospectors and miners.  Before 1923 he said he never asked permission to use the road……..Bakersfield  Californian

Receipt for Homestead Filing for John Cassou. Receipt states that this is for an additional Homestead. Collection of Rand Desert Museum.

May 19, 1932:  “JOHN CASSOU PASSES AT LOCAL HOSPITAL—John Cassou died today at a local hospital.  He leaves three sons, John of Caswell, Pete of Randsburg, and Eugene of Saugus, and a daughter, Mrs. Nellie Anderson, of Los Angeles.  The Body is at Hopson mortuary.  Funeral arrangements have not been completed.” –Bakersfield Californian

June 7, 1934:  “DELINQUINT TAXES –GARLOCK—Cassou Est., John—Reg. No. 6350—S1/2 of N1/2 of SW1/4 of NW ¼, Sec. 34 Twp. 30 ft. 38……………………$6.71

NE 1/4 , NW ¼ of NW1/4 –SE1/4 of NW ¼,  S1/2 of NE ¼ of NW ¼ , S ½ of SW1/4, SW ¼ of NW ¼ , Sec.  34, Twp. 30 R. 38…………………………………………………..$6.87

Bakersfield Californian

June 6, 1935:  “DELINQUINT TAXES –GARLOCK—Cassou, Peter—Rec.  No.6493 Personal property……………………………………………………………………………………….$4.09

NW ¼ of NE ¼  of NW ¼ , N ½ of NE ¼ of NE ¼ of NW ¼ , Sec. 34 , Twp. 30, R. 38……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..$3.10

Cassou Estate,  John.—Rec. No 6496—SE ¼ of NW ¼ , NW ¼ of NW ¼ , S ½ of NE ¼ , Sec. 34. Twp. 30, R38………………………………………………………………………………..$6.92

Bakersfield Californian

June  13, 1938:  “DELINQUINT TAXES –GARLOCK –CASSOU, EST., JOHN –Rec. No.  7955 – SE ¼ of NW ¼ , NW ¼ of NW ¼ , S ½ of NE ¼ , Sec. 34. Twp. 30, R38 and NW ¼ of NE ¼  of NW ¼ , N ½ of NE ¼ of NE ¼ of NW ¼ , Sec. 34 , Twp. 30, R. 38…………………………..……………….$11.02

“To be deeded to the state, see Sale No. S1 in addenda to this list for taxes of 1932.”

Bakersfield Californian

October 23, , Kess:  “JOHN  CASSOU is still absent from his homestead, herding cattle for Rinaldi of Randsburg.

Photo of Cassou house in Roberta Starry collection.  Homestead Document






MD 031S 037E 30 311869 CAI 0001709 Cash Sale 1913/01/27 HAMMOND CHARLES S



MD 030S 037E 26 354093 CAI 0000358 Homestead 1913/09/09 UNDERWOOD

July 23, 1912:  “L. M. UNDERWOOD’S home at Cantil on the Mojave desert  was destroyed by fire.” Bakersfield Morning Echo

April 28, 1916:  “CANTIL LIVE WIRES –L. M. Underwood, Mr.  Miller and Mr. Tardy have the mining fever.  They are looking for tungsten.” –Mojave Press


MD 030S 037E 32 1011928 CAS 0020304 Homestead 1928/02/07 HARRISON LLOYD B

MD 031S 037E 4 344579 CAI 0000407 Cash Sale 1913/06/27 HARRISON LLOYD B



CANTL STORE, VIEW SW? – Starry Collection, Maturango Museum

December 11, 1915: “LOCATION NOTICES—Jack Harrison on Mascot, Redrock Canyon.” –Bakersfield Morning Echo

October 8, 1918: “BURGLARS LOOT STORE AT CANTIL –News of a robbery of the general store at Cantil, 25 miles northeast of Mojave, has reached Bakersfield.  New stock had recently been received by the Cantil store and two marauders minus a conscience helped themselves to $150 worth one dark night last week.  The truck belonging to the robbers refused to carry stolen goods, as the men were forced to unload some of their booty and hide it in the brush.

Andrew Miller, part owner and manager of the store, discovered the loss early the following morning and with the help of the community traced the men, who were about six miles away working on their machine.  Officers were summoned and the men were arrested and are in the jail in Bakersfield awaiting trial.  All of the stolen goods have been recovered.  The name of one of the alleged robbers is Jack (Lloyd B.) Harrison.  He lives within a few miles of the store.” — Bakersfield Morning Echo

October 15, 1918:  “HOLD PRELIMINARY IN COURT AT MOJAVE—Charged with burglary, the preliminary examination of Jack Harrison and William Furlong was held this afternoon before Justice of the Peace Arper at Mojave.  The men were arrested on the charge three weeks ago.

Deputy District Attorney Dan F. Conway appeared for the prosecution, while E. J.  Emmons was counsel for the plaintiffs.” –Bakersfield Californian

November 15, 1918:  “TO ARRAIGN TWO ALLEGED BANDITS MONDAY MORNING—Held to answer of a charge of burglary, Jack Harrison and James Furlong will be arraigned in Department 1 of the Superior court Monday morning at 10 o’clock.   Information against the men was filed today by District Attorney J. R. Dorsey.

Harrison and Furlong are charged with having entered a store at Cantil some time ago and to have escaped with a large amount of goods.” –Bakersfield Californian

November 18, 1918: “TO ENTER PLEAS ON CHARGES OF BURGLARY—Facing a charge of burglary, Jack Harrison and James Furlong were given until Wednesday to enter pleas to the charge by Judge Mahon this afternoon in Department 1 of the Supreme court.

The men are alleged to have entered a grocery store in a desert town some time ago and to have stolen several articles.  They were arrested a few days later.

E. J. Emmons represented the defendants, while District Attorney Dorsey appeared for the state.” –Bakersfield Californian

November 20, 1918:  “J. HARRISON PLEADS NOT GUILTY TO BURGLARY –Trial of Man on Charge Is Set for December 31—Stating that he was not implicated in the alleged offense in any way, Jack Harrison today entered a plea of not guilty to a charge of burglary.  His trial before a jury was set for December 31, in Department 1 of the Superior court.

James Furlong, who, it is alleged, admitted that he entered a store with Harrison for the purpose of burglarizing the place, pleaded guilty to the charge yesterday and asked for probation.

The men are charged with having robbed a store at a desert town.  They were arrested by several citizens the next morning a few miles from the town, it is said.

E. J. Emmons is attorney for Harrison, while District Attorney J. H. Dorsey will represent the prosecution.” –Bakersfield Californian

March 19, 1919:  “TRIAL OF HARRISON SET FOR JUNE 10—Put over at the request  of the defense, the trial of Jack Harrison, charged with burglary, was today postponed until June 19, by Judge Mahon in Department 1 of the Superior court.  The request for the delay was made by E. J. Emmons, counsel for the defendant.” –Bakersfield Californian

June 10, 1919:  “JACK HARRISON ON TRIAL FOR BURGLARY—The trial of Jack Harrison, charged with burglarizing the Andrews store at Cantil on the desert, was continued this morning until the afternoon in order to permit the attorney to submit affidavits which would support a further continuance.

Harrison was arrested with Jack Furlong on the same charge.  Furlong pleaded guilty but escaped from the county jail and is still at large.” –Bakersfield Californian

June 11, 1919:  “MILLER TAKES STAND IN HARRISON TRIAL—The only witness to take the stand this morning in the trial of Jack Harrison, charged with  robbing A. Miller’s  store at Cantil, on the desert, was Miller himself.  Judge Arper of Mojave was to have been a witness this morning but did not reach here this afternoon on account of his automobile breaking down, and the case was correspondingly delayed.” –Bakersfield Californian

June 12, 1919: PROSECUTION RESTS IN HARRISON CASE—The prosecution  rested yesterday in the trial of Jack Harrison, former Johannesburg liquor dealer and  an old resident of the desert on the charge of burglarizing the store of Andrew Miller at Cantil, and the case was  continued until tomorrow morning when the defense will start to introduce evidence.

Miller alleges that Harrison drove to his store in a Ford car one night and loaded the machine with merchandise stolen from the store.” –Bakersfield Californian

June 13, 1919:  “CHARACTER WITNESSES APPEAR FOR HARRISON –A large number of character  witnesses were  placed on the stand today by the defense of Jack Harrison, a well-known desert resident, who is on trial in Department 3, Superior court, for the robbery of Andrew Miller’s store at Cantil.  Harrison is said to have driven his car to Miller’s store with James Furlong one night, loaded the machine with merchandise and driven off with it.  Furlong plead guilty and escaped later from the county jail.

Harrison testified on the stand this morning that he loaned his car to Furlong, and knew nothing of the robbery.  Among the character  witnesses were Lance Underwood, Charles A. Lee, Dave Crichton, Rowen Irwin, A. R. Gal breath, Lizzie Underwood, C. E. Miller, C. E. Day, A. T. Lightner  and S. A. Woody.” –Bakersfield Californian

June 14, 1919:  “JURY FAILS TO AGREE IN HARRISON CASE—The jury in the trial of Jack Harrison, well-known desert resident, on the charge of robbing the store of Andrew Miller at Cantil, disagreed late yesterday, after deliberating three hours and a half.  Ten voted for acquittal and two for conviction.

Harrison was alleged to have taken his machine and gone with James Furlong to Miller’s store in the night, filled it with merchandise and left.  Furlong pleaded guilty, but escaped from the county jail.  Harrison claims that he merely loaned Furlong his can and did not know for what purpose Furlong wanted it.

Harrison will go on trial on September 19.” –Bakersfield Californian (Researchers Note:  Researcher cannot find any newspaper record of a trial being conducted in September of 1919 or subsequently.  It is possible that because the jury was heavily in  favor of acquittal and one of the character witnesses was an ex District Attorney from both Fresno and Kern  Counties that the present district attorney decided not to retry the case. JBP)

May 7, 1924:  “FINE OF $300—A fine of $300 on plea of guilty to possessing liquor and a still was adjudged against Jack Harrison, homesteader in Red Rock Canyon on the Mojave Desert, although he was absent from court.” –Bakersfield Californian



MD 031S 037E 4 327297 CAI 0000601 Cash Sale 1913/04/21 HARRISON DEAN


MD 031S 037E 4 344578 CAI 0000404 Cash Sale 1913/06/27 MILLER JOHN CURTIS



MD 030S 037E 26 311225 CAI 0000222 Homestead 1913/01/23 DAVIS JOHN T

MD 030S 037E 26 457056 CAI 0001221 Cash Sale 1915/02/08 DAVIS JOHN T

September 16, 1911:  “PROSPECTOR NOW HAS LONELY VIGIL –Sudden Death  of Wife Leaves John Davis Alone in Cabin—Mrs. Martha Davis, who died suddenly on her husband’s ranch six miles from  Cinco, was buried yesterday afternoon at Tehachapi, the funeral being conducted by the Eastern Star Lodge of which Mrs. Davis was a member.  She was the wife of John T. Davis, two of whose children are Frank Davis, yardmaster of the Santa Fe railroad in this city, and Ezra T. Davis of the Bakersfield Fire Department.  The sons with their wives were present at the funeral service and burial.

The circumstances attending the death of Mrs. Davis were peculiarly distressing.  Her husband who is aged, had taken up desert land homestead claims, and the couple had put in four years in hard development work, succeeding splendidly.  One more year’s residence was required to prove up on the claim.  The Davises who had a nice home, but their nearest neighbor, Mrs. Munsey, mother of E. Porter Munsey of the Kern Valley Garage, was more than a mile away.

When Mrs. Davis fell ill her husband devoted himself entirely to waiting upon her.  She was sitting in a chair and he was bathing her brow when she exclaimed, “I feel like I’m smothering.”  A moment later she was dead.  Mr. Davis, who is 80 years of age, made his way to Mrs. Munsey’s house.   She and other settlers took matters in charge and notified the Davis boys in Bakersfield.  They, with their wives and Deputy Coroner A. H. Dixon, made the trip over the mountain in an auto in six hours, traveling by night and covering more than 100 miles in six hours.  They arrived there at 5 a. m.

A jury was empaneled and soon found that Mrs. Davis’ death was due to heart disease superinduced by pneumonia.  The jurors were C. W. Lamont, H. P. Jensen, Frank Marion, Moser Hadlock, Hiram Reed and G. W. Munsey.

Old Mr. Davis is sadly broken down by the shadow which has fallen upon him.  He does not feel now than he can live on his claim the additional year of residence requisite to make the property his own.  The property is in a highly cultivated condition and is adequately supplied with water from two wells.  His sons will arrange matters for him.” –Bakersfield Morning Echo



November 13, 1914:  “D. P. COLE has recently completed a new store room and woodshed.” –Mojave Press

May 14, 1915: “Mrs. Southgate and Family have moved into D. P. Cole’s house. ” –Mojave Press

May 28, 1915:  “CLARENCE HAMMOND is plowing 10 acres for Dick Cole. ” –Mojave Press

May 28, 1915:  “D. P. COLE is panting a crop of milo maize,  Rather late Dick. ” –Mojave Press

March 24, 1916:  “NEURALIA NOTES—D. P. Cole is helping J. R. Giddings set out fig trees.” –Mojave Press



August 28, 1914:  “F. H. SOUDER has just completed a pump house on his place, and went to Independence yesterday to make proof on his land.  Mark White and Clarence Hammond are his witnesses.” –Mojave Press


MD 031S 037E 34 648946 CAI 0003970 Homestead 1918/09/25 WHITE LLOYD MARCUS

August 28, 1914:  “L. W. WHITE IS CLEARING LAND in Section 24, near Neuralia, and will make a home of the south half of the Section. ” –Mojave Press

August 28, 1914:  “L. W. WHITE AND J. W.  CHASTAIN entertained H. H. Stacey and A. J. Beckley at dinner Sunday. Mr. White, the chief cook, served one of the up-to-date meals of the Neuralia Hotel, which was greatly enjoyed.” –Mojave Press

September 2, 1914:  “L. M. WHITE is clearing land in section 24 near Neuralia and will make a home there.” –Bakersfield Californian

March 12, 1915:  “L. M. WHITE is clearing eight acres for Dr. J. Jarvis, after finishing plowing forty acres for himself. ” –Mojave Press

May 28, 1915:  “LLOYD WHITE has broken the record for hand clearing.” –Mojave Press

June 18, 1915:  “MARK WHITE WAS OUT last week surveying for W. E.Gnatt, Jr. and L. D. Snyder.  He also ran  the lines around the  White section that  Lloyd is fencing. ” –Mojave Press

June 18, 1915:  “LLOYD WHITE does not deny the reports, and the Press has offered to print the wedding announcements free if it occurs within a reasonable time ” –Mojave Press

December 3, 1915: “MARK WHITE AND FAMLY, of Long Beach, have moved into the valley and will homestead Mr. White’s claim.” –Mojave Press

February 10, 1915–  “MR. AND MRS. MARK WHITE have their new residence on Mrs. White’s homestead completed.  Clarence Hammond and E. M. Chester assisted in  the house building. ” –Mojave Press

January 1, 1916: “D. P. COLE is helping Lloyd White in some fencing.  Lloyd intends to fence about ninety acres at present” –Bakersfield Californian

March 24, 1916:  “NEURALIA NOTES—Mrs. Mark White and son Lloyd have their entire section fenced now with tie posts and three barbed wires.” –Mojave Press

APRIL 13, 1916:  “MARK WHITE HAS ASSUMED the management of the Sierra Oil Company.” –Bakersfield Morning Echo


October 23, 1914:  “C. C. TODHUNTER IS NOW PREPARED to make final proof on a quarter section close to Cantil.” –Mojave  Press

October 23, 1914:  “C. C. TODHUNTER was a caller at Gypsite mills.  His watchful eye is always alert where business is in rogue.” –Mojave Press

August 27, 1915:  “CANTIL CALIDUCT –”C. C. TODHUNTER has installed a centrifugal pump in his well. ” –Mojave Press

November 12, 1915: “CANTIL NOTES –JOE BURDICK AND C. C. TODHUNTER have gone on a water prospecting trip over the hills, where they will finish a well that was started last fall. ” –Mojave Press

APRIL 13, 1916:  “C. C. TODHUNTER has set out a variety fruit orchard for home use.” –Bakersfield Morning Echo

April 28, 1916:  “CANTIL LIVE WIRES –It is reported that C. C. Todhunter is doing well on his tungsten lease.” –Mojave Press

February 28, 1917: J. G. BlAYLOCK AND C. C. TODHUNTER made a trip to the Slate Range this week.  Some new properties are being developed and stamp mills are in course of erection. Bakersfield Morning Echo


August 28, 1914:  “FRED WILKINS has his new house (at Neuralia) nearly completed, and will soon begin on a new house for Mr. Ross.” –Mojave Press

November 13, 1914:  “FRED WILKINS AND G. P. ROSS have recently finished clearing eighty acres for Mr. Liefer of Los Angeles.  Fred’s kaiserette is  doing tolerably well, considering the time it has been growing. ” –Mojave Press

June 4, 1915:  “ROSS & WILKINS are preparing to harvest their Hay Crop.  They estimate half a ton per acre. ” –Mojave Press

June 15, 1915:  “ROSS &WILKINS have harvested a crop of hay ” –Mojave Press

June 18, 1915:  “ROSS AND WILLIAMS (WILKINS) HAVE FINISHED clearing section 14, township 32.37. ” –Mojave Press


August 28, 1914: “S. TOWNSON IS PUTTING DOWN a twelve-inch well on his place in Section 26 (36?), township 33, range 37.  The drill is down to a depth of 240 feet, and drillers, Cobb & Stockton, expect to strike water at any time.” –Mojave Press


August 28, 1914: “Mr. and Mrs. Kessler with their daughter and son have moved into Fremont Valley and are located on their homestead at Neuralia.  While————-their horse a few day ago the animal became frightened and ran away. ” –Mojave Press


November 13, 1914:  “CARL IVERSON is clearing a section of land for Mr. Hicks, president of the company.  He operates a sixty-horsepower tractor with five rails cabled together. ” –Mojave Press

May 28, 1915:  “BLOOMFIELD HAS FINISHED a fine 12 inch well for Wm.

May 28, 1915:  “WM. HICKS RECENTLY cut some alfalfa from his place, measuring 8 ft. The alfalfa was not watered. ” –Mojave Press

March 24, 1916:  “NEURALIA NOTES—A general clean-up is being made in and around Hotel Oasis.  It is rumored that the property of J. H. Hicks, where the post office is located, will undergo the same process, including an overhauling of the pumping plant.  This work is certainly commendable, and if every homesteader and rancher will keep his place neat and orderly it will go a long way toward helping the country.

Mrs.  Thomas of Hotel Oasis, left for Los Angeles on business Monday, Miss Rebecca Thomas will remain at the hotel a few more weeks. ” –Mojave Press


November 13, 1914:  “CARL IVERSON is clearing a section of land for Mr. Hicks, president of the company.  He operates a sixty-horsepower tractor with five rails cabled together. ” –Mojave Press

March 12, 1915:  “CARL IVERSON WAS A BUSINESS CALLER in Los Angeles and Pasadena last week.  He enjoyed a visit at the home of Mark White very much while in Pasadena.  On his return, Thursday night, he forgot about Neuralia during his dreams of Pasadena and was carried as far as Cinco. ” –Mojave Press

March 26, 1915:  “CARL IVERSON has finished his job of clearing for Mr. Hicks, and went to Chadsworth last Friday to spend a week with his parents. ” –Mojave Press

March 26, 1915:  “CARL IVERSON will commence at once clearing eighty acres for Mrs. Godfray. ” –Mojave Press

April 2, 1915:  “JOE IVERSON, of Chatsworth, is visiting his brother Carl, and will help him in some clearing.  He came up last Friday with Carl, who enjoyed a pleasant week in his old home town –and in Pasadena. ” –Mojave Press

April 2, 1915:  “C. I. IVERSON IS THINKING of hiring a colored laundress to do his own laundry. ” –Mojave Press

May 14, 1915: “LLOYD WHITE AND IVERSON BROTHERS are clearing 110 acres on section 28. ” –Mojave Press

May 28, 1915:  “BOSCO” JOE IVERSON rode horseback to Butterbread Springs Saturday, returning Sunday.  He was a little stiff necked for a few days from his jaunt.

June 4, 1915: “C. W. TOWNSEND is harvesting his wheat this weekend.” –Mojave Press


November 13, 1914:  “FRED WILKINS AND G. P. ROSS have recently finished clearing eighty acres for Mr. Liefer of Los Angeles.  Fred’s kaiserette is  doing tolerably well, considering the time it has been growing. ” –Mojave Press


November 13, 1914:  “LLOYD WHITE HAULED LUMBER this week from Mojave for R. L. Thurman’s new house.  Work on the building will be commenced very soon. ” –


December 3, 1915: “CLARENCE A. HAMMOND, D. B.  NICHOLS, J. J. HILL AND MISS ANNE RYALL are preparing to make final proof on their homesteads in Bakersfield during February. ” –Mojave Press



Department of the Interior, U. S. Land Office at Independence, Cal., Dec. 28, 1915

Notice is hereby given that John J. Hill of Neuralia, California, who on October 10th, 1914, made homestead entry, No. 03989, for NW ¼ section 12, township 32 South, Range 36 East, Mount Diablo Meridian, has filed notice of intention to make final Commutation proof, to establish claim to the land described before I. L. Miller, County Clerk of Kern County, at Bakersfield, California, on the 7th day of February, 1916.

Claimant names as witnesses:

Daniel P. Cole, Edwin M. Chester, Anne Ryall, James Ryall, all of Neuralia, Cal.


1st pub.  Dec. 31  5t  last pub. Jan. 28” –Mojave Press

February 10, 1915–  “Mr. and Mrs. Hill left Wednesday for Long Beach, driving their team over.  After a  stay of three weeks there they will go to Fowler, Colorado, to make their home. ” –Mojave Press

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